Dogo - Canario, Dogue De Bordeaux, Sardinian Bulldog, Guatemalan Bulldog, Mallorcan Bulldog, Dogo Argentino, German Bulldog

How many types of bulldog are there?

The bulldog is a dog with a strong and wide body, round head, short hair and hanging lips.

Next we will tell you how many the types of bulldog that exist and their main characteristics are.

Types of bulldog dogs
Dogo dogs (name derived from the English "dog" which means "dog") can be divided into two groups:

Guardian (heavy)
Alanos (light)
In some cases they carry the word Mastiff in their name. In total, it can be said that there are around 20 bulldog specimens in the world. Let's see some below.

1.Dogo canario
The Presa Canario is a large dog originating from these Spanish Islands. The first appointments in relation to this animal date from the sixteenth century.

The objective of this dog has always been to protect cattle, although in some cases they were used as "butchers". Although it is robust and molosty, it is quite agile.

2 Dogue de Bordeaux
Of French origin, this dog belongs to giant-sized mastiffs. It is one of the types of Bulldog with more strength and power. His character is firm and determined, so he is used as a guardian.

It is an ancient breed that was used to hunt and fight in the sands. Its origins are believed to date back to the Celtic era.

3. Sardinian Bulldog
Also called Pastore Fonnese (having been born in the town of Fonni) he is an excellent keeper of farms and livestock. It was used by the Italian Navy during the campaigns to Libya (Africa) in 1912.

This specimen is hard-mantled, with a height at the withers of up to 60 cm. He has an expression in his eyes that can be somewhat intimidating.

4.Guatemalan Bulldog
It is a fairly “new” dog since it appears for the first time in the 90s. However, it emerged after the crossbreeding of the Boxer, Dalmatian and English Bull Terrier breeds in 1890.

It is bright white with some brown spots. The square head has slightly hung lips and the jaw has a scissor bite.

5. Mallorcan Bulldog
Ca de Bou in Catalan, this molasses is related to the Canarian bulldog and its origin dates back to the year 1229. Its function was to hold a cow until it was slaughtered. Then it was used in dogfights.

Fortunately today it is a watchdog and family. He is gentle, loving, and faithful to his master. It doesn't bark too much and it's quite balanced.

6.Dogo Argentino
It is one of the most developed breeds in Argentine territory. This specimen was created in 1920 by a doctor who was looking for an animal to hunt for cougars, foxes and wild boars. It was also used as a fighting dog.

It is white in color, a large head with a solid skull, erect ears and a weight that ranges from 45 to 55 kg (for a male adult). It works well as a team and serves as a rescue or military dog.

7.German Bulldog
It is better known as »Great Dane» but it also belongs to the group of the Bulldog. Large, it is called "The Apollo of the Dogs". It is somewhat awkward in its gait and movements.

He has a strong and muscular build and has become famous for the Scooby Doo character. He is friendly, gentle, gets along well with other dogs, shows no aggressiveness and can be trained without problems.

8.English Bulldog
Better known as the English Mastiff. Its origins date back to the 6th century B.C. (It is believed that the Phoenicians took him to Breton lands at that time).

He was used as a gladiator in the arenas, flock keeper, protector, and bodyguard. It almost became extinct after the Second World War, but thanks to the importation into Canada and the United States, the breed was saved.

Other types of Bulldog
Danish Bulldog
cane Corso
Bulldog
Bullmastiff
Tosa Inu
Spanish Alano
Brazilian row
As we have seen, in general, the bulldog is characterized by being a dog whose main characteristics are robustness, great weight and stubbornness. Strong and even historical, this dog certainly has a lot of appeal.

What are the dogs classified as bulldogs?

The breeds classified as Bulldogs are part of group 2 FCI Pinscher and Schnauzer Dogs - Molosoides - Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattle Dogs. They are strong dogs, with short and wide bodies. With concave profile and round head. Thanks to their calm and familiar behavior they have begun to enter the homes. But they are generally used as much as guard dogs for big game. They are divided into two subgroups: guard bulldogs or heavy type, and Alanos or light type bulldog.

Boxer
It is one of the most recognizable dogs in the dog world and almost anyone in the world would be able to recognize a boxer. And, despite his fierce appearance, we are facing a real babysitter. It is a dog predisposed to care for and play with your young children without causing more problems than an intense drool. The Boxer is above all an energetic, playful, sociable animal and very faithful to its owners, which distances it from the vision of a dog of prey that could indicate its physical appearance.

Due to its temperate character, despite being a tireless player, it is used as a therapy dog ​​on many occasions. So if you are looking for a bulldog for your family, this should be your first option. It is the perfect dog in many ways, as long as we are able to exhaust its unlimited energy.

Great dane
Strong and tough, with its wide nose and drooping medium-sized ears, the Great Dane, or German Bulldog, is a very recognizable giant dog. With his immense body, his movements become rough and clumsy, nothing is further from reality: we are dealing with a truly intelligent dog. Its size is an added problem to make it a family dog, since it needs space to run and be comfortable, but for its docility and goodness, if you have that space, you will not regret this breed.

Rottweiler
Rottweiler that Royal Canin RT is made for
The Rottweiler is another one of those dogs as physically recognizable as they are unknown in character. Used in surveillance and security work, it can be dangerous if it is educated for those purposes. But with a good socialization and a training aimed at home we will have a loving dog and absolutely faithful and calm. At the end of the day, its origin is in the markets and accompanying livestock.

It is a potentially dangerous dog that can become aggressive if it is not properly educated and that can lead it to attack. But with a firm and coherent education you will have a homey and sweet dog, since you will be able to get from it its most positive parts. In any case, you will have to inform yourself of the requirements in your municipality for potentially dangerous dogs in case it is on the lists.

Argentine Dogo
With a good education, you will have a great partner
The Dogo or Argentine Mastiff is a strong, athletic and loyal dog. It also has great value for hunting and protector towards its human family. This leads him to be distant with strangers and, what is worse, he has a strong instinct for prey and will not release it easily. Although we sometimes find him at home, he usually carries out military and police duties. Like other dogs in this group, it is considered potentially dangerous so it cannot be acquired by anyone. Also, it is not a good choice for novice owners.

Brazilian Row
Her affable dog appearance does not correspond to her character
The Brazilian Fila is a huge, strong and robust dog, with a rough, tough and protective character. That is, we are not facing a dog for a home -with few exceptions-. It is a working dog, used in guard and defense tasks in which its body and natural aggressiveness become an advantage. It is a potentially dangerous dog and is not suitable for anyone since its strong character will make it become leader of the pack.

Shar Pei
a calm gaze of the dog Shar Pei
The Shar Pei is another very recognizable dog, although the name of the breed is not always known. The sheets of its skin are the most characteristic feature of this animal. It is a faithful, loyal, fun and playful dog breed, in addition to being intelligent, they are stubborn dogs. Very happy they are able to live in an apartment, although they do require a lot of care. Especially because of his skin.

In addition to the skin of the Shar Pei, known by the name of horse coat (or horse skin), which can cause infections in the skin folds, these dogs are also prone to fevers. Therefore, it is very important that if you are going to get a dog of the breed, you do it in an expert. The proliferation of these dogs in recent years has caused some to be really sick.

Broholmer
This Danish giant can become a good family dog
A really rare breed and, at the same time, wonderful. There is just under a thousand Broholmer in the world, despite being big-hearted and easygoing and easygoing. Traditionally used as a sheepdog, it is a great family dog, which is affectionate with the smallest of the home and, despite its gigantic size, does not require more than a time of exercise and, perhaps, space to spend part of its energy and put his tremendous body.

Mallorcan Bulldog
The Mallorcan bulldog was used to defend against pirates and corsairs

The Ca de bou or Dogo Mallorquín is native to the Balearic Islands and was used for fighting bulls until these were banned. Despite its fierce appearance, we are facing a calm and balanced race. They are robust and muscular dogs, but very affectionate and protective. Their medium size and temperate temperament make them good both in rural areas and in flats. Unfortunately, there are also very few specimens as they are a breed typical of the islands.

Dogo Canario
It is also known as Presa Canario
Considered considered a national symbol of the Island of Gran Canarias, the Dogo or Presa canario is a robust, medium-sized dog with a noble and faithful character. But it is not a valid breed for any family. First of all because of its strong prey instinct; secondly, he will try to be the alpha male and that means that you have to impose rules on him. In addition, it is a dog considered potentially dangerous and is listed as such in Spanish law. Remember that if you feel attacked, you will attack.

Dogue de Bordeaux
The Dogue de Bordeaux became famous because of a Tom Hanks film and, as in these cases, the breed spread throughout the planet leaving its traditional activity to enter homes. This would not be a problem if it were not for the dogue de Bordeaux being a great watchdog, but it is not easy to keep at home. It is very difficult to define your personality since it can vary from distant to outgoing. Luckily, at home he will be faithful, loving and protective who will always want to be with the family.

cane Corso
Originally from Italy, the Cane Corso or Italian Mastiff is a strong, robust dog with an imposing complexion, used mainly as a watchdog. Always alert, is brave, fearless, tenacious and balanced. At home and with children, he will be affectionate, faithful and protective. Despite this, it is not a suitable dog for homes and is mainly used as a defense, police or guard animal.

Neapolitan mastiff
This strong giant was used in the Roman Empire to fight alongside gladiators. This data already indicates that the Neapolitan Mastiff is a dog prepared for guarding, surveillance and defense activities. Despite his calm and balanced temperament, he is very dominant and will not accept sharing space with other animals. Also, with a bad education and socialization it can become very aggressive. This Neapolitan Mastiff will need space and is not recommended for cities, especially if it can feel threatened. It is a potentially dangerous dog.

Tosa Inu
The Tosa Inu is the largest of the Japanese dogs and was designed to win dogfights. This means that, although his character is calm, quiet and obedient, he is not suitable for all people. You will need a person with you who is capable of physically and mentally dominating this mass of bones and is not recommended for homes although well socialized, and if you are mentally healthy you should be good with children, kind and loving with your family. Currently, he works as a guard, surveillance and personal defense.

Fila de San Miguel
The Cão de Fila de São Miguel is a powerful working dog
The Cão de Fila de São Miguel (or cattle dog of the Azores) is a breed of cattle dog originating in the Azores. It is an excellent watchdog that has remained unknown and without leaving the Portuguese islands for a long time. Unfortunately, it seems that the training the dog has been given has brought out its most aggressive instincts and there is still no way to assess its character and temperament at home. It is extremely territorial and is always alert.

English bulldog
The English Bulldog is another very recognizable breed. Medium in size, this robust and heavy dog ​​has an air of dandy that gives him a regal bearing. It is a "fireplace, sofa and blanket" dog but if you take it for a walk, it will not complain. He doesn't do it for nothing. He is as stubborn as he is loving and familiar and has infinite patience with the little ones in the house. In short: an almost perfect companion dog. The only but is brachycephaly, which will make you suffocate and choke to the minimum exercise (in addition to deep snoring during your dream hours), otherwise, and knowing that your health will require a lot of care, it is a perfect companion.

Mastiff
The Mastiff or English Mastiff could be defined briefly with a simple "mass of muscles", but that would be an understatement. From its appearance, we might think that we are facing a dangerous dog. Nothing could be further from reality! The most powerful muscle of this giant is its heart. It is a noble and docile dog, which will adapt to living in the country or in the city. Of course, if you have children you will have a serious problem: either you shower daily or your mastiff will ensure that they are clean and slimy: he enjoys being with the little ones in the house, but he drools like few races.

Bullmastiff
The Bullmastiff was bred by English rangers who needed strong, brave, and faithful dogs capable of protecting them on their walks through the woods. The result was an impressive size dog that imposes with its mere presence. They are strong and very fast but just as familiar and very good with children. In fact, it is a perfect dog for active families, as it is charged with energy. Luckily they are very calm and rarely bark.

Uruguayan maroon
The Uruguayan Cimarrón is an incredibly athletic and muscular breed that seems as physically capable as it really is. Traditionally used as a guard dog, it is increasingly common in homes since with a good education it lacks aggressiveness, although it is very protective of its family and suspicion of strangers.

Bulldogs Characteristics
Although they are very diverse dogs, they maintain common features such as their portentous physique. Not all dogs keep the same temperamental peculiarities, so we will find some potentially dangerous dogs and others very kind and familiar.

Energetic
These are dogs originally developed for guard and protection tasks, and even war. That makes them powerful in the physical and it has a lot of energy. With few exceptions, they will need daily exercise to avoid falling overweight. Plus, that excess energy can make them destructive. Although some adapt to a floor, you should think about their space to exercise and remember that they are not small.

Loyal and familiar
They are very loyal and familiar dogs, which makes them try to please their owners and, for the most part, they are really affectionate. A Great Dane, for example, can think of itself as a lap dog and, as you will understand, it is not! Luckily, most of them have extreme patience and will do anything to please their owners. That makes them perfect dog-nannies for some breeds such as boxers, rottweilers or bullmastiffs.

Protectors
They were raised for a very clear job: to protect their owners. That spirit has become innate in them, so all races show a state of permanent alert when they are with their families. Some of them also have an aggressive instinct that must be corrected from puppies and most are not suitable for weak or inexperienced owners. Together with this character, there are others such as courage, courage and loyalty, which if properly carried will be really positive for both the family and the dog itself.

Potentially dangerous
Some of the breeds are included in the potentially dangerous dog lists due to their fierceness, prey instinct and aggressiveness. While it is true that some races such as the Rottweiler have shown that with a good education they are far from the dangerous paradigm, others like the Tosa Inu or the Fila de San Miguel are really aggressive and will not be in the hands of any owner.


In all cases, puppy socialization is very necessary, but with these breeds it is absolutely essential and, unfortunately, not even that will prevent your dog from having the most developed instincts from attacking strangers. Luckily, the number of dogs that reach that extreme is very low.

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Dogue de Bordeaux - History, Temperament, Health Problems, Exercise, Characteristics, Vs Presa Canario

Dog Presa Canario vs Dogue De Bordeaux

Dog Presa Canario is originated from Spain but Dogue De Bordeaux is originated from France. Both Dog Presa Canario and Dogue De Bordeaux are having almost same height. Both Dog Presa Canario and Dogue De Bordeaux are having almost same weight. Both Dog Presa Canario and Dogue De Bordeaux have almost same life span. Both Dog Presa Canario and Dogue De Bordeaux have almost same litter size. Both Dog Presa Canario and Dogue De Bordeaux require Low maintenance.

History

Dog Presa Canario
This large dog, also known as the Canary Mastiff, is a rare Molasses-type dog hailing from the Canary Islands.

It does appear as if, according to records, that these dogs were also consumed at one time. The dog has also been used as a cattle dog as well as being used for dog fighting till the middle of the 1900s. Dog fighting was prohibited in the 1940s but it continued for a number of decades.

As people became interested in other dog breeds, the Presa nearly died out but some breeders revived the breed because of it having some good characteristics – territorial, brave, protective and intelligent. The FCI recognized the dog in 2011.

Dogue De Bordeaux
dogue de bordeauxThe Dogue de Bordeaux is an ancient French dog breed and his history goes so far back that it is difficult to have accurate records of his origin.

During the 1700s he was used as a guard dog, with theories suggesting that several Mastiff type breeds were the closest ancestors.

For centuries the Bordeaux Mastiff, also referred to as the Bordeaux Bulldog, came in two size varieties, with the larger version being the Dogue de Bordeaux. It is this large dog which made its appearance in the Hollywood movie ‘Turner & Hooch’, shooting him into more recognition and interest.

Description

Dog Presa Canario
Dog presa canario puppy The Dog Presa Canario or Canary Dog is large and muscular. He stands at 58 to 66cm in height and weighs anything from 40 – 70kg. He has a deep bark.

The head is broad and the ears are normally cropped to give him a more aggressive appearance. With ear cropping being banned the ears are close fitting to the head and are floppy. This is one of those dogs where the rear of the dog is slightly higher than the shoulders.

The coat is short and there is no undercoating. It is available in all different shades of fawn and brindle. The breed standard requires the dog having a black mask.

Temperament:
Canine experts tell us that this large working dog has got such fearless guardian characteristics that they wouldn’t recommend this dog for first time dog owners. On the other hand however, there are dog owners who claim that with good socialization, this dog becomes docile and amicable around their human family.

He is a clever dog so training and socialization will be easy and it will be worth it. This is a dog noted for its strength, its strong personality and potential for aggression, so training and socialization will be most important.

Dogue De Bordeaux
dogue de bordeaux puppyThe Dogue de Bordeaux is a large molasses type dog with a large head, standing at 60 – 67cm and weighing anything between 54 and 65kg. His weight comes more from his muscular, powerful build rather than his height.

He is a powerful looking dog and his short coat is loose-fitting and is an attractive rich reddish brown color. There are wrinkles around the face with the nose being somewhat pinkish-orange as opposed to black.

The eyes are wide apart and are hazel. He has short to medium length floppy ears and where once the thick tail was docked, giving him a powerful, distinctive look, it is mostly left long today.

Temperament:
He is a confident, self-assured, territorial dog who will require training and socialization if he is to know his place in the home. He is a powerful mastiff-type dog, who without training can be stubborn, arrogant and somewhat aggressive towards strangers.

His looks and his territorial nature make him an excellent watchdog. He is no push-over and isn’t a good choice for the first time dog owner.

Without a strong, firm owner, he could prove difficult to handle. He is calm and laid back with children in the home and he can get along well with other pets if he has been brought up with them since puppy-hood.

Health Problems
Dog Presa Canario
Dog presa canario dogThe Dog Presa Canario can live to be between 8 and 12 years of age. Being a large breed the dog can be susceptible to hip dysplasia and other problems such as cancer and heart problems. It is highly unlikely that a well cared for dog will get any of these illnesses.

Bloat or Gastric Torsion:
It is far better to give your dog two smaller meals a day as opposed to one bigger meal as then he tends to wolf his food down. This can lead to bloat, where the stomach swells up and worse, it twists. This dangerous situation prevents fluid and air from escaping the stomach. Your dog is restless, he paces and salivates, wanting to vomit. Bloat can affect any dog at any age.

Kidney Disease:
Kidney disease can develop because of some other illness or it can develop on its own. It can even be caused by bad teeth when bacteria enters the bloodstream of the dog.

Dogue De Bordeaux
dogue de bordeaux dogThe Dogue De Bordeaux doesn’t have as long a lifespan as many other dogs, but with good care, can go to 7 – 10 years of age.

Because he is a brachycephalic breed – a short-nosed dog such as the Boxer, Pug and Bulldog – he may well have the same number of teeth as other dogs, but the teeth are crowded, putting dogs like this at higher risk of getting dental disease.

His teeth will need to be brushed 2 or 3 times a week to prevent plaque and tartar getting trapped.

Brachycephalic Syndrome is also something to watch out for with your Dogue de Bordeaux. It’s an upper respiratory disorder which can bring on difficulty with breathing because of the crowding of tissue and narrower airways.

Caring The Pet
Dog Presa Canario
Grooming:
Dog presa canario puppiesThis is a short haired dog, and he isn't a heavy shedder so beyond regular twice-a-week brushing he will simply need to have his eyes and ears checked for infections.

He will also need to have his nails clipped and to check his teeth over too. A sore, bad tooth at the back of your pet’s mouth can cause terrible pain but also play havoc with his general health.

Exercise:
Your Dog Presa Canario is a high-energy dog and he will need daily exercise. He will love a good walk but he will also need something more strenuous and demanding such as ball- and rope tug-of-war games.

Diet:
Try and provide your large pet with a top quality commercially manufactured food – one that is packed with vitamins and minerals instead of colorants preservatives and toxic fillers.

Break the monotony of feeding him only kibble by mixing in some cooked chicken, brown rice, sweet potato, carrots and spinach. Dogs love consistency and simplicity and simple meals like this with some raw meat thrown in occasionally will keep him healthy and happy. Never leave him without a constant supply of fresh, cool water.

Dogue De Bordeaux
Exercise:
dogue de bordeaux puppiesHe isn’t the most active dog and he is inclined to snooze quite a bit throughout the day. It will nonetheless be a good idea to include him in your daily walks and allow him to take part in a ball game now and again.

Diet:
The Dogue de Bordeaux needs to be fed a high-quality dog food in keeping with his large size and age.

Grooming:
This dog is known for drooling, and because of his wrinkled face, you’ll need to be watching the facial area that it is kept clean and dry to avoid skin infections. Check his ears at the same time to ensure they are free from dirt and wax.

The short coat does shed throughout the year, and you will need to be brushing him down twice a week to remove all those loose hairs.

Characteristics
Dog Presa Canario
Dog presa canario dogsContrary to what many people think, the Dog Presa Canario can be a calm, gentle dog when trained and socialized properly.

It is only when you bring an older, unknown dog into your midst that you would have to exercise caution with him as he can then be aggressive.

Dogs become dangerous and aggressive when they are brought up by aggressive, uncaring people. Humans are always to blame for the way a dog turns out. Provide this large dog with a loving, caring home, and he’ll show you what a remarkable pet he can be.

Dogue De Bordeaux
dogue de bordeaux dogsThe Dogue de Bordeaux isn’t a big, boisterous kind of dog but is rather calm and relaxed. As a watchdog however, he can surprise you and become quite active, showing agility for such a hulk.

He can adapt to life in the city or the country but even though he appears lazy, he will need moderate daily exercise.

He loves his human family and wants to be constantly with them. He is stubborn but will do well with training and socialization.

Calm and easy-going and with his easy-to-maintain short, soft coat, be prepared for some drooling and snoring from this loving, devoted large pet of yours.

Dogue de Bordeaux

The Dogue de Bordeaux is a breed of dog of French origin; it is part of the great family of mastiffs. It is a dog of great strength and power, with a firm and determined character that make it a great watchdog.

It is one of the oldest French breeds, originating from the Eastern Mastiffs arrived in Europe with the barbarian hordes. In more recent times, other breeds have contributed to the definition of this: the Mastiff, the English Bulldog and the German Bulldog. The result that has been obtained is a dog of enormous strength and power at the expense of agility.

Formerly it was also used for hunting large animals and for fighting in the sands. Subsequently, once the great hunts and those kinds of circus shows were over, their popularity decreased significantly, limiting their use to guarding the properties.

characteristics
Its general appearance gives an idea of ​​great strength and power. The head is bulky (brachycephalic), has a series of fairly marked folds, and is short and wide; the muzzle is short and powerful, and its teeth very strong (slightly prognata). It has an abundant lip with the lower jaw forward. The eyes are quite distant from each other, are oval and green, honey or dark in color.

The ears are pendulous, medium in size with a fairly high insertion. The neck is short, cylindrical and with a double chin. The back is straight and wide, gathered by a strong and deep chest, with a raised belly. The trunk has a broad, well-rounded chest; the limbs are very muscular. The tail, strong at the base and tapered, is pendulous. The coat is short, smooth and fine, tawny or mahogany in color. It is considered important that your gait be elastic and show your strength. They live between eight and twelve years.

Description of the breed

He is calm and balanced, very attached to his master and his family. He is affectionate, reserved with strangers and neutral with them when his master is there, to whom he shows his affection and fidelity. He is generally meek and patient with children, whom he loves and protects, but they should not be left alone with them. He hates loneliness and inaction.

In Spain, although the dogue de Bordeaux breed does not appear on the list of "potentially dangerous" dogs of the royal decree of 2002, some autonomous communities or even municipalities do include it in their specific regulations.

Origin

Its origin dates back to the time of the Celts, who used it to store treasures and for big game hunting. In the Middle Ages two classes of this dog were known: one the "butcher dog" and the other the "Turkish dog", trained to fight with bears, bulls and other dogs. Later it was used as a guardian of the house and castles. In Bordeaux, at the end of the 19th century, the breed was believed to have disappeared, and is currently developing again.

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Boerboel - History, General Characteristics, Color, Fur, Temperament, Care, Education and Training

Boerboel

Boerboel is a dog breed of bulldog type molasses originating in South Africa; it comes mainly from the cross between Bullmastiff, Great Dane and Bullenbeisser, the latter already extinct.

Boerboel.
It is a breed very suitable for guard, self-defense and heavy work. The first specimens date from the year 1600. The breed is fully standardized in Africa by associations such as HBSA, SABT and EBBASSA.

Alternative names
African Boerboel
South African Mastiff
South African Boerboel
Burbul

History
This breed comes from South Africa, originally a Dutch colony before the Boer Wars, at which time it became a colony of the British Empire, where it emerged for the purpose of protecting the farm. The word "boer" in Dutch means "farmer" so "boerboel" means "farmer's dog". It is not known for sure which breeds originated but it is believed to come from dogs led by the Germans, French and English.


General characteristics
It is a strong, muscular, large and very well proportioned dog. Its head is short, square, muscular and with well-filled cheeks. The muzzle is black with large nostrils. The neck is strong and muscular. It has medium V-shaped ears. Its hair is short and smooth in texture. The eyes can be of different shades of yellow and brown. Blue and gray eyes are considered more exclusive. The tail is usually amputated.

Color
Accepted coat colors are: Atrigrated, Yellow, Dark Red, and Brown. Official sources mark black as disqualifying.

Important noteː when a dog with the indicated characteristics was born with a black coat, or is the son of another with a black coat, it is not a boerboel.

The uses of the Boerboel
Despite its imposing appearance, the boerboel dog has a calm and very protective character with the people he meets. His pride and bravery make him an excellent guard and defense dog, he is loyal to the family and is very patient with children, but its use as a companion dog is not recommended.

Constantly seeking owner approval, he is a tough and very active dog that can dose his strength as needed. Unfortunately, it is often used in fighting and as a chain dog, uses that obviously accentuate its aggressiveness, to the point that it has been declared illegal in Denmark.

Fur
He has a short, thick coat with a soft texture.


Temperament
It is a trustworthy and obedient breed, with a highly developed watchdog instinct. It is an affectionate and playful dog with its owner, tends to be protective of the family, but can be very aggressive towards strangers. He is very self-confident and fearless.

Care
His hair should be brushed occasionally and he should bathe when necessary (once a month). The Boerboel needs to exercise, it is recommended to take it out for a long walk daily. It is a dog that should not go out alone because it is not very friendly with strangers. It is not for apartment living, it must have ample space to run and play. It should not be left alone for long periods of time as it can become destructive. It is a breed prone to hip dysplasia, eye, thyroid and heart problems.

Boerboel or African Mastiff

At first glance, you might think that the large and intimidating African Boerboel, also called the South African Mastiff, is an excellent guard dog, fierce and fearsome. But although that is true, this dog is also very family-oriented, calm and loving, especially with children.

It is a docile and sometimes somewhat stubborn dog, although it is territorial with a good education and care, we can diminish that behavior so common in dogs.

From SoyUnPerro we will show you all the information about this breed, what precise feeding, necessary care and behavior. So you can enjoy it, as much as yours.

Character and behavior of the African Boerboel breed
The Boerboel is naturally playful, intelligent, and always eager to please. As is often the case with field dogs, he is happiest when he has a job to do and has a place to run.

He adapts perfectly to family life, especially with children, with whom he is especially protective, sometimes even excessively. His affectionate, playful and even somewhat clown character sometimes make him unique and very funny.

The same instincts that make the Boerbel an excellent watchdog can also make it aggressive if we don't educate and socialize it properly. So investing time in your education is essential.

Boerboel physical characteristics
Both its physical complexion and its size make the Boerboel an imposing dog. Its height at the withers is between 65 and 75 cm in males and between 60 and 65 cm in females. The weight that adults reach can reach 90 kg and even more. It is, in short, a very large and powerful dog, but incredibly agile.

His body is muscular and well proportioned. Its head is also large and wide, with a black snout and large nostrils in the nose. It has "V" shaped ears and the color of its eyes varies between different shades of brown and yellow (some specimens may have blue eyes).

The Boerbel's hair is very short and soft to the touch. The most common coat colors are yellow, dark red, brown and brindle. He often has a black mask, that is, black hair around his eyes and mouth.

Boerboel Dog Education and Training
When it comes to training, the Boerboel tends to be dominant, so it will be up to us to be confident and very strict. In short, establish limits and set the guidelines, although always using the effective resource of positive reinforcement and not being excessively severe.

A progressive, patient and constant training technique will be easier if it is accompanied by an early socialization process, essential to prevent the aggressive impulses of the Boerboel.

This dog requires a lot of mental and physical stimulation, otherwise it can fall into boredom or anxiety, which is the prelude to destructive behaviors. Long walks, vigorous play sessions and the occasional intellectual challenge will help us provide you with the activity you need.

Also, being a high-volume dog with moderate exercise demands, the Boerboel needs a lot of space at home, so it is not the ideal dog to have in an apartment or flat. It is best to have a patio or garden where you can run safely.

Recommended care
The Boerboel is considered a very healthy breed of dog that does not require too much care. However, he is predisposed to suffer certain ailments and physical problems, especially in his last years of life, such as hip or elbow dysplasia, some heart conditions and disorders that affect the eyelids, to name the most common.

Beyond that, regular care of the Boerbel is fairly simple. You have to cut your nails every two weeks and you should brush your teeth regularly, although always following the instructions of our vet. A brushing a week and a bath once a month will be enough to keep your coat healthy.

Breed history
This breed was bred and trained to help South African farmers defend their homes from attack by hyenas, lions, and other wild animals. In fact, its name comes from Afrikaans, the dialect of Dutch spoken by South African boers, and its translation is something like "the farmer's dog".


Dutch settlers brought many dogs of different breeds to the south of the African continent, mainly bulldogs and mastiffs, which they bred and bred until they found the type of dog they needed to work on their farms and keep their land: the Boerboel.


In the 20th century, with a less rural and more urbanized country, this dog was losing its place in South African society and was on the verge of extinction. Luckily, a group of Boerboel enthusiasts launched in the 1980s to recover the breed and start exporting it to the rest of the world. Still, today the Boerboel is still quite difficult to find outside of South Africa.

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K9 - The most used races like K9

We have all heard of the famous K9, understanding them as police or military dogs. What many do not know is that the term, in Spanish or in a language other than English, is actually not correct. But let's look at the original concept. The term K9 or K-9 (there is no consensus on how to write it, whether hyphenated or unscripted,) is English.

It is a homophone of ‘canine‘. According to some sources, the term originally appeared as 'K-9 Corps', which is a shortened form of the Army's War Dogs Program established during World War II. It was never an official term but, due to its homophonic connection, it became very popular with the military and civilian population.

Basically it works like this: • 'Canine' is pronounced in English key-nayn (read kinain • 'K9' is pronounced exactly the same Therefore: K9 = Canine As with many words in English / American speaking countries an acronym is used, some Certain letters that sound like a longer term when pronounced, and thus shorten characters, save on writing, and to many it even seems 'very cool'.

But, and here we come to the crux of the matter, this occurs only in English. In another language it is not pronounced the same and, therefore, using it in a language other than English is, in theory, incorrect and makes no sense. In theory. But K9 is, itself, a police dog, right? Yes but ... not exactly.

Or not always. K9 -in English- is used preceded or followed by a word, noun or adjective, to determine or complete the term and give it the police meaning. For example: police K9 (police dog), K9 unit (canine unit -of police-), K9 team (canine team -of police-). But: a ‘K-9 puppy’ is a police dog puppy, a ‘K9 unit’ is a police canine unit.

Then here if that meaning is implicit. It seems that not even in the original language do they agree! In our language there is no doubt: saying K9 police or K9 team is actually incorrect, since we are mixing words from two languages. Unless we treat it as… Spanglish? "The term originally appeared as 'K-9 Corps', a shortened form of the Army War Dogs Program established during World War II." And now comes the good news: if we go to the purely linguistic question, the K9 term in English. A search in the English-American language dictionaries makes this clear.

None recognize the term K9 or K-9: Cambridge Dictionary Cambridge Dictionary (American English) The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language We keep digging and find the term 'K9 sex'. No, it does not mean sex between police dogs ... It is a gen generic term for sexual acts between humans and animals ’. It sounds funny but the truth is that it is used (like the homophone of ‘canine’) and that indicates that the term is not even exclusive to police dogs. This is complicated!

Homophones in Spanish? We can conclude that the term comes from the English-American language and technically lacks meaning in another language, such as Spanish. Therefore, using it in our language would be technically incorrect. However, it is undeniable that it is used, especially in circles related to police or sports canine specialties.

And it is also true that for many it can be considered that the ‘K9’ is the policía trained police dog ’, unlike the simple‘ canine ’, which would be what we consider a normal dog. Or its literal translation: a canine. In fact, if we wanted to use a similar homophone in our language we would say Knino (canine) or even Kn (can) or Knes (canes), using the sound of our letter K (ca). Although it would still be incorrect, linguistically speaking. This is already happening in mobile writing, where young people use a merely particular code that does not conform to the normative use of the Spanish language.

What is unquestionable is that language is something alive, it is a communication tool and it is constantly evolving. And that the borrowed term K9 seems to be here to stay. Then, like so many other words that in principle were incorrect, who knows if it will end up appearing in the RAE dictionary.

Meet the K9 dogs

K9 dogs refer to what are commonly known as police dogs, used as rescue, drug search, or protection units. Without going any further, the word “K9” (k-nine, in English) is a homophone of the word canine, as you can see.

History leads us to appear as one of the first organized dog units, to the war against the Seminole Indians, in 1835-1842, where they were used by the U.S. Army dogs-k9-2

It is difficult to say which was the first police dog in history. Some authors affirm that in Ghent (Belgium), in the 20th century, the first dogs were trained for police work, and that this practice spread rapidly throughout Europe, especially Hungary, Germany, Austria or France. In Germany as early as 1911 there were 500 stations equipped with dogs trained for such purposes.

It was already in World War II that the use of dogs in a military manner gained more strength and the sides recruited dogs for service in the war.

The most used races like K9
Traditionally, the German Shepherd has been one of the most chosen breeds for security (reputation acquired by being used by the Nazis for the control of prisoners in concentration camps), however nowadays breeds such as the Belgian Shepherd Malinois are also used , who have a fidelity and learning capacity that the previous race has nothing to envy.

For the control of drug trafficking, explosives and others, other dog breeds are also used, which do their job perfectly.

In these times, police dogs are considered law enforcement officers and are provided with badges and bulletproof vests. In the sad case of dying in an act of duty, they are given a funeral with all the police honors, as is really fair.

In USA, currently the purposes for which K9 Police Dogs are required are, for example, to serve in the security forces and corps, preparing man-dog teams to search for bodies, missing or buried in accidents, to intervene in situations in which they are required or collaborate with the Civil Guard, National Police, Armed Forces or other teams, as well as other activities related to these issues.


It is a really hard job for which the animals must be perfectly trained, and once the training is complete, they work perfectly, giving exquisite results of individual and team work with their patrol partners.

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Presa Canario - Characteristics, Size, Behavior, Main diseases, Basic care, Curiosities

Presa Canario
The Presa Canario is a dog originating in the Canary Islands, especially known for being a large dog and a dangerous breed, since, as its name indicates, it has a bite that makes it prey and does not open easily. However, any dog, regardless of its characteristics, can be a family pet if it is properly educated as a puppy and if it is properly socialized.

It has come to be considered as a natural symbol of the island of Gran Canaria by the Government of the Canary Islands for its importance, along with the cardon plant species. The ancestors of this breed are believed to have inhabited the island since its inception, especially the islands of Tenerife and Gran Canaria.

The first dogs of prey of the Canary Islands were major Eros, and date from the fourteenth century. The indigenous people of the islands had a close relationship with these dogs, since together with them they found protection, guard, and guide of the cattle. When the Canary Islands were conquered by the Crown of Castile and other Europeans began to arrive in that territory, these first dogs were extended for other uses, and some crosses were also tried on them to achieve greater effectiveness in their new jobs. .

From the mix of the major Eros with other Spanish dogs of prey, such as the Alano or the Spanish Bulldog, strong and robust animals emerged, which also stood out in terms of agility and thrust. These dogs were mainly used for livestock-related tasks or as support for butchers who needed the strength of dogs to hold animals when they were to be slaughtered.

Also for a time, towards the 18th century, dogs similar to the Canary Presa as we know it today, were used in dogfights fighting against other dogs arrived together with the British who came both provisionally and definitely. During this time, the character of the dogs was modified to develop a fighting instinct, or at least a good predisposition. Thus, they generally became champions when fighting against other breeds of the bulldog or bullterrier type, much less powerful than the Presa Canario.

However, over time, many breeds influenced the genetics of the current breed. From the first major Eros, to the bulldog and bullterrier themselves brought by the English. At this time a particularly strong type of dog was sought with characteristics suitable for fighting, and the aesthetics of the animal were hardly taken into account. Hence, even today it is a mainly functional dog with enviable physical qualities.

As the story progresses, the time came when dogfighting was banned throughout Spain, which also meant the loss of interest in the breed of most people. This made the Canary prey almost disappear extinct, also due to the fact that many other breeds arrived on the islands. At this point, around 1960, very few specimens of the breed could be found.

Luckily for the survival of the breed, a group of people decided to save it about 10 years later, and a recovery program was started through which to get the same robust and strong specimens, but that also had specific physical characteristics. After this effort, the breed was constituted again, capturing the interest of the people of the islands who saw it as part of their heritage. It also began to be exported to other places in the world, although it is not one of the most numerous breeds in the whole globe.

Currently, there is an important controversy around this animal and the dogue canario, two very similar breeds, which some assure are the same, and others guarantee that they are different. The truth is that both come from the same place and from the same crossings, but at present they are regulated by different clubs, and each with slightly unique characteristics. The dogue canario has been registered by the FCI since 2001, and the canary dog ​​of prey has been registered by the UKC since 2003. In addition, in the description of the standard of both breeds there are some important differences such as morphology intended for different purposes. In any case, both races are currently recognized and have the same relevance in homes around the world.

Canary Presa Characteristics
The Presa Canario is an animal of medium or large size, very strong and robust, with a remarkable muscle mass that, however, does not detract from its agility or power when it comes to moving. Its average height is not much larger than some sheepdogs, it may even be somewhat smaller, but its corpulence and musculature make it perceived as a larger animal, very imposing for any other dog and also for humans.

Among the characteristics of the Canarian prey stands out its head, square and compact, quite large in proportion to the rest of its body. The muzzle is not too long, but it is large and strong, also in a square shape that indicates the power of its teeth. It also ends in a large black nose, which gives it its characteristic expression. Also striking on his face are the almond-shaped eyes and brown or darker, and medium-sized ears, which naturally fall on both sides of the head but unfortunately puppies are still amputated today to acquire an upright and pointed shape with the intention of giving the animal a feeling of greater danger.

As for the body, it should be noted that it is longer than it is tall, also straight and of adequate and marked proportions. Its chest is wide and also very deep, and the back culminates in a thick tail that tapers towards the end, of medium length. The legs are not excessively long, but they are strong and wide, and they provide the animal with all the necessary power when it is in movement or when it has to make a specific physical effort.

Although the canary prey cannot be considered as a giant, the truth is that it is a very powerful animal, which is why it is classified as a dangerous dog. However, dangerous prey dogs are not dangerous because they belong to a certain breed. Most of the time an animal's character has much more to do with its education than with its genetics, and any dog ​​can be a great companion animal if properly educated.

Canary dam size
The Presa Canario is a very corpulent and robust breed of dog, but it is not one of the largest known. Females can measure between 56 and 62 centimeters at the withers, and males between 60 and 66. As for weight, it is usually around 50 kilos, although male specimens of the breed are known to have come to weigh up to 65 kilos. It is the combination of muscle mass and power that makes this animal is seen as one of the most dangerous in the canine world.

Canary prey coat
The coat of this breed stands out for being rough to the touch, very short and smooth. She hardly loses hair all year round, so her care is reduced to brushing occasionally and bathing only when necessary. As for color, it is required in the breed standard that he is always brindle, and generally with a black mask on much of the face. It can also sometimes show white spots on various areas of the body, such as the chest, throat, legs or fingers, although it is never too conspicuous. Completely black specimens may also appear, although these are not always recognized in other organizations' standards.

Canary prey behavior
With all the bad reputation this breed has, its temperament is really very calm and calm. He is sure of himself, but he does not tend to get nervous or upset in any situation. It is a perfect companion animal for the family, since it is extremely loyal and noble with its own, although it can be somewhat shy and reserved with strangers due to its heritage as a guard dog.

On the other hand, the Presa Canario is an intelligent and very obedient dog, who will be willing to learn all kinds of tricks and will always have a good predisposition. The character with children of the Presa Canario is generally good, but it will be necessary to be careful with its games because it is an animal with a lot of strength that could harm them inadvertently.

Main diseases of the Canary Presa
This breed is generally in good health, although it may be prone to certain hereditary diseases due to its size and characteristics. Among the most common diseases in the breed are hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, epilepsy, or gastric torsion. All of them controllable to a greater or lesser extent if good general habits are maintained in the animal.

Basic care of the presa canario
The Presa Canario is not an animal that requires excessive care, although it does require a great deal of attention and exercise to stay healthy and balanced at all levels. It is especially important for your health to go to the vet as often as possible to check it up and to keep your vaccination schedule and deworming up to date.

As for aesthetics, the little dead hair that is loose can be removed with a weekly brushing with a soft comb that does not harm it. It is also advisable to bathe him every 6 or 8 weeks so as not to damage the protective layer of his skin and that it is always shiny.

Another of the issues to take into account to guarantee the best state of health of the animal is food. You should always opt for a high quality food and in the appropriate ration. In addition, it is recommended to divide your ration into several doses a day to avoid possible and dangerous gastric torsion.

The demand for exercise of the Presa Canario is quite high, since it has a large amount of energy that can lead to stress and other behavioral problems if it is not eliminated properly. Daily walks will be mandatory, in addition to other more powerful exercises and activities that pose a mental challenge for the animal.

This breed is not recommended for people with no experience dealing with dangerous breed dogs. Through proper education, it is possible to enjoy a balanced dog and a great pet, but it will require specific knowledge on the part of the owner, in addition to knowing how to handle an animal of such dimensions and characteristics. As for education, it is very important to train him in obedience from a young age, if possible with the help of a professional trainer. As for their socialization, it is basic from 3 months of life, with all the animals and people possible, so that as an adult you never have the impulse to act in an unfriendly way.

Curiosities of the Presa Canario
Many people insist on comparing the presa canario vs dogo argentino. The truth is that their characteristics as races are both similar and different. They are both powerful dogs of prey, but physically differ in terms of morphology and aesthetics. In general, the Argentine bulldog is more athletic and stylized, while the Presa Canario is a muscular and very robust animal.

If you think that this breed is the most suitable for you, the first step is to go to a specialized and experienced breeder with it. Only then will you have all the guarantees of the puppy's health, and also his temperament. In addition, it can also help you in your education and in any questions that may arise over time so that your relationship is unbeatable and safe both for you and for other people.

This is the Presa Canario, a dangerous dog that has killed its owner in Madrid

The breed of the Presa Canario, to which the dog that yesterday killed its owner in Madrid with its bites, belongs to those considered as potentially dangerous. It is a guard and defense dog, which sometimes intervenes in clandestine fights. It comes from the cross between the majorero bardino and the English mastiff. Its size, with a height between 54 and 65 centimeters, is of average type, but with a robust body.

The weight of the specimen of the Presa Canario (also called the Dogo Canario, the vast or green dog) ranges from 45 to 57 kilos for the male and 40 and 50 kilos for the female. In the sixties it was on the verge of extinction when dog fighting was banned in Spain. However, from 1970 the recovery of this breed begins.

Among its general characteristics stands out the strong temperament it has. It is dominant and highlights its strong guarding instinct. True to its owners, it is usually very suspicious of outsiders. Hence, it is necessary to socialize it at very early stages.

It has a straight and solid neck, very muscular, like its chest, in which the pecs are very marked. Its thoracic perimeter is about 90 centimeters. The head is powerful and large, about 25 centimeters, with a convex skull and an arcade in which a very marked development of the temporal and masseter muscles stands out. It usually bites into a pincer or scissors.

These specimens are considered as a potentially dangerous breed, so their owners must take out civil liability insurance. Others included in this denomination are the Pit Bull Terrier, the Boxer, the Argentine Bulldog, the Rottweiler, the Bullmastiff, the Fila Brasileiro, the Staffordshire Bull Terrier, the Neapolitan Mastiff and the Mallorcan Prey (Ca de Bou), among others. This breed has a very important symbolic value in the Canary Islands. It is the emblem of the island of Gran Canaria.

These characteristics have made this dog be used as a defense for women victims of gender violence. The animal defends them until the police arrive and manages to capture the attacker.


In September 2007, a specimen of this breed seriously injured a nine-year-old boy when he was riding a bicycle with his 14-year-old brother in front of Rocío Dúrcal Avenue in the La Berzosilla urbanization, near Torrelodones, where the The animal was found untied and with the garden door of its owner's house wide open.

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