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Bernese Mountain Dog - Details, Health, Appearance, Colorant, Physical Features, Temperament, History, Photo, Video

Bernese Mountain Dog
The Bernese Mountain Dog (also called Bernese Mountain Dog, Bernese Mountain Dog, Berner Sennenhund, Bouvier de Berne, Bovaro Bernese or Bouvier Bernois) [citation needed] is a very versatile dog breed that originated in the Canton of Bern, Switzerland. It is a solid molosser, with an approximate height of 70 cm at the withers and a weight, if it is male, that is around 48-51 kg and, if it is female, 46-49 kg. It is characterized by its black, brown and white colors. [Appointment required]

He was raised as a cattle herding dog and farm keeper, although he also used to be used as a draft animal when the farmer brought the milk from the cows that the dog himself cared for. His great intelligence has allowed him to be used with great success as a rescue dog. His affable and calm character, as well as the ease with which he can be trained, have made him an excellent companion animal, due to his reliable and predictable character. [Appointment required]

It is a large dog, so it needs more than one walk a day. Loving and good with children, its coat is white for the gut and the lower part of the legs, black for most of the body and brown for the area of ​​the legs and the upper area of ​​the eyes.

Male: 64 to 70 cm. Ideal: 66 to 68 cm
Female: 58 to 66 cm. Ideal: 60 to 63 cm
Truffle: black.
Muzzle: strong, medium length; straight nose.
Lips: adjacent, black.
Jaws / Dentures: Strong, full scissor bite (M3s are not considered). A pincer bite is tolerated.
Eyes: dark brown (brown), not gazeos or light, almond shaped with well attached eyelids. Its placement is not too deep, nor too protruding. The closing of the loose eyelids is a defect.

Ears: medium size, high set, triangular, slightly rounded. When at rest, supported flat. Attention, elevate the posterior part of the insert, and the anterior border remains next to the head.

Neck: strong, well-muscled, medium length, well established.
Body: upper line: harmonious and slightly downward transition from neck to withers; then it runs straight and horizontal.
Back: strong, straight and horizontal.
Loin: broad and strong; seen from above, somewhat collected.
Croup: gently rounded.
Chest: wide and deep, reaching to the elbows and the front of the chest is well marked. Rib cage as long as possible with a wide-oval cross section.
Lower line and belly: from the rib cage to the posterior quarter it rises slightly.
Tail: well covered with hair, reaching at least the hock joint; at rest, it hangs and during movement it flutters at or slightly above the back.
Extremities: strong bone structure.
Colors: brown, white and black, characterized by the colors of Swiss dogs.

Faults for the official standard
Minor offenses, according to FCI Standard No. 45 / 22.11.2006 / E
Unsafe behavior;
Thin bone structure;
Irregular placement of the incisors, as long as the correct bite is maintained;
Absence of other teeth, maximum 2 PM1 (premolars 1); M3s are not considered;
Notoriously curly hair;
Absence of white drawing on the head;
Too wide list and / or white drawing of the muzzle that reaches notoriously beyond the lip corner;

White collar;
Perineal stain (diameter greater than 6 cm);
White in the forelimbs, clearly reaching more than half of the metacarpus (boots);
Disturbing asymmetrical drawings on the head or on the chest;
Black spots and bands on the white of the chest;
Dirty white (strong pigmentation spots);
Brown or reddish hue of the basic black color.
The white fur on the chest should end in a v, touching the navel.
You must vary the color of the tracks to two-color.

Elimination fouls
Aggressiveness, fear, marked shyness;
Broken nose;
Prognathism, enognatismo or arcade of the incisors deviated;
Large white spot on the nape of the neck (greater than a diameter of 6 cm);
One eye or two blue eyes (gazeos eyes) light or of another color;
Entropies, ectropion;
Tail broken, tail curled;
Short hair or double coat of hair;
Absence of the three colors;
Presence of another basic coat color other than black;
White fur on the neck that surrounds it like a necklace.

Any dog ​​that shows clear signs of physical or behavioral abnormalities is disqualified on display.

Life expectancy
The average life expectancy of a Bernese mountain dog is 6 to 8 years, and for a few years it has been 10 to 12 years. Cancer plays an important role in these dogs. They have a short life span: some specimens can live only 3 or 4 years, due to cancer. The Bernese Mountain Dog Club of America is working on this type of cancer. [Appointment required]

There are several types of histiocytosis, and not all of them are fatal to the Bernese Mountain Dog. Histiocytes are found throughout the body, and are an integral part of the immune system.

Benign forms
Histiocytoma and histiocytosis of the skin are the two forms of benign histiocytosis. Histiocytomas are wart-like growths on the skin that usually disappear after a few weeks. Skin histiocytosis are individual growths of the skin.

In systemic histiocytosis, they generally appear as masses on areas of the skin such as the nose, eyelids, and scrotum. They can be hard masses, crusts, or soft ulcers. Histiocytosis will spread to the spleen and other organs and mimic malignant histiocytosis. [Citation needed]

Systemic histiocytosis can be treated with immunosuppressants, and the survival rate is known to be one to five years, from the time of diagnosis. Systemic histiocytosis is generally seen in male Bern cattle, and may appear as early as four years of age. [Appointment required]

Malignant histiocytosis is the most aggressive form of cancer. This type of histiocytosis usually spreads before obvious symptoms are seen in the dog, and can affect the lungs, lymph nodes, spleen, liver, central nervous system, and bone marrow. The most common symptoms are: weight loss, weakness, lethargy, cough, and shortness of breath. [Appointment required]

If the spleen is affected by malignant histiocytosis, it can be removed. However, the disease will eventually affect other organs, and the dog will succumb.

The only preventive measure for cancer in the Bernese Mountain Dog is the veterinary check-up. A vet can look for early signs of cancer before it becomes too extensive.

Bernese Mountain Dog - Bernese Mountain Dog
The Bernese Mountain Dog (German: Berner Sennenhund) is an oversized dog breed, one of the four Sennenhund breeds - type dogs from the Swiss Alps. The name Sennenhund is derived from the German Senne ("alpine pastures") and Hund (dog / dog), as they accompanied alpine herders and dairymen called Senn. Berner (or Bern in English) refers to the area of ​​origin of the breed, in the canton of Bern. This mountain dog was originally kept as a general farm dog. Sennenhunde large in the past were also used as draft animals, pulling carts. The breed was officially established in 1907. In 1937, the American Kennel Club recognized; Today, the club classifies him as a member of the Task Force.

A 60-pound, eight-month-old mountain dog puppy
Four Sennenhund races
The four Sennenhund breeds, named after the original breed, followed by the more popular English version of the breed name:

Grosser Schweizer Sennenhund, Greater Swiss Mountain Dog
Berner Sennenhund, Berner mountain dog
Appenzeller Sennenhund, Appenzeller
Entlebucher Sennenhund, entlebucher mountain dog

Like the other Sennenhunde, the Bernese Mountain Dog is a large, heavy dog ​​with a distinctive tri-color coat, black with white on the chest and rust-colored markings over the eyes, sides of the mouth, in front of the legs. , and a small amount around the white chest. The perfectly marked ideal of an individual gives the impression of a horseshoe white shape around the nose and a white "Swiss cross" on the chest, when viewed from the front. A "Swiss kiss" is a white mark normally located behind the neck, but it may be a part of the neck. A complete ring would not meet standard type. The AKC breed standard lists, such as disqualifications, blue eye color, and any background color other than black.

height and weight ranges
Height at withers is 24-28 in (61-71 cm) for men, while it is 22-26 (56-66 cm) for women. Weight is 80-120 pounds (35-55 kg) for men, while it is 60-110 pounds (25-50 kg) for women.

Build and proportions
The Bernese Mountain Dog is slightly longer than it is tall, and is very muscular.

Other physical features
The head of the Berner Mountain Dog is flat at the top with a moderate stop, and the ears are medium in size, triangular, high, and rounded at the top. The teeth have a scissor bite. The Berner's legs are straight and strong, with round, arched toes. Berne spurs are often removed. Its bushy tail performs low.

The Bern Mountain Dog Breed Standard states that dogs must not be "aggressive, anxious, or distinctly shy", but must be "good-natured," "self-assured," "placid toward strangers," and "docile". The temperament of individual dogs can vary, and not all examples of the breed have been carefully bred to follow the standard. All large breed dogs should be well socialized as puppies, and taking into account regular training and activities throughout their lives.

Bern are outdoor dogs at heart, although well-behaved around the house; who need activity and exercise, but don't have a lot of endurance. They can move with impressive bursts of speed their size when motivated. If they are sound (there are no problems with their hips, elbows, or other joints), they enjoy hiking and generally stick close to their people. Not giving the right amount of exercise can lead to barking and bullying in the Oberland.

Bernese mountain dogs are a breed that is generally done well with children as they are very affectionate. They are patient dogs that take good care of the children who climb on them. Despite having great energy, a Bern will also be happy with a quiet afternoon.

Bern works well with other pets and with strangers. They are excellent guardians. They tend to bond with one of the owners, and are a little distant and 'distant'.

Benno Adam, Bernese Mountain Dog and his puppies, 1862
Historically, in some places, at least, the breed is called a Dürrbachhund.

The breed was used as an all-purpose property keeping farm dog and to drive dairy cattle long distances from the farm to alpine pastures. The type was originally called the Dürrbächler, for a small town (Dürrbach), where large dogs were especially prevalent. In the early 1900s, hobbyists exhibited the few examples of large dogs at shows in Bern, and in 1907 some breeders from the Burgdorf region founded the breed's first club, the Schweizerische Dürrbach-Klub, and wrote the first standard, which defines dogs as a separate breed. In 1910, there were already 107 registered users of the breed. There is a photo of a working mountain dog, dated 1905 in the Fumee Fall rest area in Quinnesec, MI.

In the US, the mountain dog is growing in popularity, ranking 32nd by the American Kennel Club in 2013.

These dogs are very popular as family dogs in German-speaking countries, in which they are among the most popular dog breeds (for example, the German Breeder Dog Association listed in Bern in the 11th range for live births in 2014).

The Oberland's calm temperament makes it natural for them to pull small carts or wagons, a task originally carried out in Switzerland. With proper training they like to take children's rides in a cart or participate in a parade, such as the Conway, New Hampshire vacation parade. Regional Bern clubs often offer go-kart workshops. Karting competitions are held for the race.

On July 1, 2010, the Mountain Dog became eligible to compete in the AKC Herding Events. Grazing instincts and training capacity can be measured in non-competitive grazing tests. Berners exhibiting basic herding instincts can be trained to compete in the rehearsal meeting.

Bern Cattlemen shed year-round, and the heaviest spill is during seasonal changes. Typically, the Oberland will only require brushing once a week, with more in the spring and fall, to keep their coat clean and reduce the amount of fur on the floor and furniture. The Bern will only require a bath about once every two months or so, depending on how high your activity level is and how often you spend your time on earth.

Special attention should be paid to the ears of the mountain dog, as they can trap bacteria, dirt and liquid. The risk of an ear infection ear drops with weekly cleanings using a vet-cleaner recommended.

Bernese Mountain Dog Photo :

Bernese mountain dog video : BERNESE MOUNTAIN DOG - Characteristics and Care

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