The Bull Terrier or English Bull Terrier is a breed of dog in the terrier family. They are known for the unique shape of their head and their small triangular eyes. His temperament has been described as fun-loving as well as active and funny. They have appeared as characters in comic strips, books, movies, and advertisements.
Although the name may be confusing, the bull terrier is not directly related to the American pit bull terrier. However, both races have the same ancestry. The standard of the miniature Bull terrier is very similar to that of the Bull terrier, except for the height of the cross, which should not exceed 35.5 cm. It should give the impression of good substance for the size of the dog. There is no limit on weight. The horse must be harmonious at all times.
According to the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI), the two varieties of bull terrier make up a single breed, but are judged separately and must not cross.
They are trained for exhibitions, see trainer. Like defense dogs. Accept very advanced training. Orders such as sitting, lying down even when ordered to run, walk, run, bring objects, drop an object or a still person, bite, look for people, go, etc.
The origins of the Bull Terrier can undoubtedly be related to James Hinks, who, after several years of experience introduced the breed in the 1850s. Hinks spent several years crossing the now extinct English White Terrier with Bull and Terrier and Dalmatian dogs. , in an attempt to create a dog that was not only capable of fighting, but had a beautiful appearance. After a time and possibly by crossing with the Perdiguero de Burgos (Spanish Pointer), a beautiful and imposing fighter was obtained. The fighting spirit to the death of the Bull Terrier, made him a champion of the fighting tracks, defeating even dogs larger in size.
James Hinks is the "father" of the breed, born in 1829 in Ireland in the city of Mullingar, in one of the poorest regions of the country, his father, a shoemaker by the name of John Hinks, earned enough in those days to maintain his family without starving, in 1851 they decided to move to the city of Birmingham, in an industrial sector, where Hinks son began to work in the forges, and this same year he married Elizabeth Moore and they had three children. By 1854 Hinks began to trade with poultry, which gave him a better status and as a hobby he had the breeding of ornamental birds, wild mice. With his bulldog "Old Madman" he started breeding dogs. In 1858 a fourth son was born, and in 1864 the family already had eight children in total. It was not until the 1960s that Hinks was listed in the address book as a bird and dog breeder. Unfortunately Hinks died at the young age of 47, affected by a deadly tuberculosis.
Although very little is known about the crossings that Hinks carried out to get the bull terriers, it is documented by Henry Walsh, that perhaps Hinks used the old English Bulldog, the English White Terrier, the Dalmatian and perhaps even the English Greyhound and borzoi. Without a doubt it was his dog "Old Madman", who being raised for the exhibitions and not for the fights played a determining role in the birth of the new breed. As part of the breed's folklore, it is said that the Hinks dog, named "Puss", after or during an exhibition, fought a pit dog owned by Mr. Tupper and after half an hour, Puss returned triumphantly with small marks on its muzzle.
Between 1855 and 1868 Hinks owned at least the following dogs: Bull Terrier "Spring" (Jerry x Daisy), "Bulldog Nettle" (Grip x Nettle), Bull Terrier, "Young Puss" (Old Madman x Old Puss) , the terrier, "Lady" (Stormer x Daisy), bull terrier, "Kit" (unknown pedigree), Dalmatian, "Spot" (Joss x Dinah) and an English greyhound named "Dart" (Chap x Fly). Hinks even owned all the parents of these dogs and it should be noted that not only Hinks contributed to the development of the bull terrier breed, but all those people who bought their white puppies, and it was not until after 1900 that they had a colored bull terrier.
Hinks' legacy is known worldwide, and his sons James II and Frederick continued their father's work including James II's son Carleton, who was a breeder of the breed until his death in 1977. This being the way to honor the passionate work of his grandfather and his love for the exhibition, the upbringing and for his dogs.
By 1860, the bull and terrier was divided into two branches, the pure white bull terrier and the color varieties that dogfights frequented (although it was not the purpose for which they were created as it is a companion dog) until that they were finally recognized as a legitimate dog breed.
The breed standard describes them as: “Balanced in character, you must learn to obey orders. Although stubborn you must be gentle with people. With an expression of determination and intelligence, full of courage but at the same time it must be sweet ». They have also been described as extremely brave and combative, very loyal, active and attached to their owners.
He has great physical strength, so he must stay active. They need time to run and do exercise. They are not suitable for beginners, as they require a long time to be trained. They are dogs that like company, so it is not a good idea to leave them alone for a long time, since with their powerful jaws along with the stress and depression that they get to have in solitude they can lead them to cause a lot of damage to the home. It is an excellent companion dog.
It is enormously strong so it should not be left unattended with children.
The high testosterone levels of male bull terriers are not necessarily a health problem, but they can constitute a problem of coexistence, since they increase the territoriality of these dogs. If you do not plan to breed, it is advisable to castrate the males. Similarly, it is advisable to sterilize females that are not going to reproduce.
The hair is easy to maintain, so frequent brushing can keep it in near-perfect condition. Adding oil to your diet may also help.
They need to exercise a lot, without over-exercising it at a young age, since this can cause muscle problems and not reach maximum height. In addition, the breed is known for being very gluttonous, so food and exercise should be dosed. They are excellent guard dogs and have very well tuned ears.
Since exercise is essential for this breed. Bull terriers need to do much more than other breeds to burn off the enormous amount of energy they have. Although they are dogs that learn new things easily, they are more difficult to train than other dog breeds because they are as easily distracted as they learn.
As for the care of these dogs there are several that we must take into account. First of all, it is that these dogs with old age become delicate and it is common that respiratory problems appear to them. For this we must attend to a diet for those old dogs, depending on their conditions, and taking into account that they move less and more slowly. Water is essential for all animals. We must offer them plenty of water to keep them well nourished, since the Bull Terrier is an active breed and is easily heated.
Another important aspect is healthy and balanced exercise and hours of play a day in these dogs, just as children play. Well, this way we avoid overweight or joint atrophy. Regarding cleaning and bathing, these dogs shed their coat twice a year. So simply looking good and brushing is enough. Although some baths are also necessary, not in the same way and frequency as us, but with their corresponding gels to avoid causing any damage or irritation. However, it is more important to check their ears and ears more frequently. Well, you have to be careful so that a mite infection or infestation does not occur. Also, even if it seems silly, it is essential to maintain and care for your nails.
If we do not cut them in time it can cause great damage, we must not go too far when cutting them. Finally, when you have a dog, and more like that of this breed, it is very useful to know a series of first aid. If burns occur, cold water should be applied to the area or ice. If there is a car accident, the dog should be removed from the road and the vet should be notified. If an insect sting occurs, such as a bee sting, ice or an antihistamine should also be applied.
If it remains in shock, the dog should be reassured, heated and call the vet. If bleeding occurs, put cotton and press the affected area. If poisoning occurs from consuming a toxic substance, it must be vomited with the help of hydrogen peroxide. If you get heat stroke or heat stroke, you should take a cold water and air bath, in addition to taking it to the vet. If, on the contrary, hypothermia or frostbite occurs, it must be heated with a hot bath and electric blankets.
Bull Terriers were originally used as fighting dogs. The selection of the descendant of the English bulldog and terriers was as strong as the first but at the same time more agile and fast.
Although the Bull Terrier was violent in origin, effective selection and other blood donations made it a regular dog. Nowadays it is becoming more and more established as a company race, although unfortunately there are always unscrupulous people who intend to continue using it for the fight.
Temperament: Bull Terriers are generally friendly dogs, rarely aggressive. They are strong and smart and must be active.
Strong, muscular, well-proportioned and active dog, his expression is lively, determined and intelligent. It has a long and strong head. When viewed from the front, it is ovoid and perfectly filled, without gaps or wrinkles. The upper part of the skull is almost flat from one ear to the other. The profile slowly curves downward, from the top of the skull to the nose, which is black and slopes downward. The neck is very muscular, long, with a curved upper profile and thinning from the shoulders to the head. It has no double chin.
The shoulders are strong and muscular without being loaded. The shoulder blades are wide and well tied to the chest wall. The back is short and strong. The top line is horizontal behind the cross. She forms a slight curve over the kidney that is broad and well muscled. The thighs are muscular and the legs well developed.
The teeth are strong, well cut and perfectly implanted. These are perfectly articulated, regular and complete in scissors. Its eyes are narrow, triangular, obliquely arranged, black or brown so dark that they appear almost black. It has ears that are small, thin and close to each other. The dog must be able to hold them very stiff and they must then stand upright.
Its tail is short, low implant, wide at the base tapering to a fine point. His hair is short, flat, close, hard to the touch and very shiny. The dog can present in winter, a soft textured undercoat. In white dogs, the coat should be pure white. In colored dogs, color should predominate over white.
Bull Terriers can also experience obsessive-compulsive behaviors, such as chasing their tails while spinning, self-mutilating, jumping, patting their thighs, eating their feces, and licking their paws.
A Bull Terrier's coat is easy to maintain, so frequent brushing can keep it in near-perfect condition.
Bull Terriers need to exercise a lot, without over-exercising it at a young age, as this can lead to muscle problems. In addition, the breed is known for being very gluttonous, so food and exercise should be dosed.
Bull terrier photo :
Article about Bull terrier
Bull Terrier Dog Breed Information - American Kennel Club
Bull Terrier Dog Breed Information, Pictures, Characteristics
Bull Terrier Dog Breed - Facts and Personality Traits
Bull Terrier - Wikipedia
Bull Terrier Breed Information