Corgi - Information, Personality, Size, Characteristics, History, Health, Care, Behavior, Photo, Video, Dog Breed
Information and personality traits about the dog breed Welsh Corgi Pembroke
Known for their quick intelligence and forceful will, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi is active, vigorous and wants to be part of the family. Regular exercise is essential.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi at a glance
The word corgi has different meanings. In Celtic it is "dog" or with means "denude" and go "dog".
Male: 26-28 lbs.
Female: 24-26 lbs.
Height at the withers:
Males: 12 inches
Females: 10 inches
Long back, short arched legs, erect ears (naturally)
Exercise requirements: 20 - 40 minutes a day
Energy level: Average
Average life: 11-13 years
Tendency to drool: Low Tendency to snore: Low
Tendency to bark: High
Tendency to Dig: Moderate Social / Attention Needs: High
Pembroke Welsh Corgi is immediately identifiable by their short stature, erect ears, and fox face.
The tail is usually cut flush, but some puppies are born without a tail. In addition to the obvious difference in the tail, the Pembroke’s are not as long or bone-heavy as the Cardinal Welsh Corgi.
Pembroke Welsh Corgi is considered chondrodysplastic, that is, they have the characteristic of having arched legs and a tendency to back problems. Slightly longer than tall, they have a straight back and are not extreme in any area. Adults are about 10 to 12 inches tall and weigh between 23 to 28 pounds (10 to 13 kilograms). They reach their adult size at one year of age but some continue to complete up to two and even three years.
Corgi has a weatherproof cloak - Double but short. Color ranges from deep red or yellow-brown to black or sable with white highlights. Blacks are often white and tan to make them tri-color with heads ranging from red to black. Occasionally a fluffy Corgi appears in a litter. Those puppies have a longer, softer and fluffier coat than the typical one. Although those puppies make wonderful pets, that fur is not what is wanted in an exhibit.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is known for their agile intelligence and forceful will: They are active and lively dogs that do not want to be stopped paying attention. In their minds, they are big dogs in small bodies.
Still these dogs can handle much bigger cattle than they do, and to do so they use speed, a quick bite and great determination. As general farm dogs, Corgi certainly hunted vermin as well as herded cattle. Corgi needs exercise and training with a firm but gentle hand to bring out the best in their talents.
Corgi may be prone to over-tilling and digging or chewing if left alone for too long or not exercising enough. They want to be part of the family and they don't like to be left in their cages. Most Corgis are fine with other pets and with children if they are raised together. Be careful as they sometimes chase and nibble on the heels of children running for their herding instincts.
Pembroke Welsh Corgi is sturdy little dogs:
They only require quick weekly grooming except at hair shedding time. They need to be careful not to develop obesity. These dogs are easy to care for and do well with a minimal amount of food. The extra weight can be an additional strain on your long lower back.
Exercise is mandatory, both for your mental health and to keep your weight under control. Corgi is people oriented and therefore love to work with them and enjoy training. Despite their appearance, these are small athletic dogs that excel in herding and agility competitions. They are quick to learn tricks and seem to have a sense of humor. They are excellent guardians, if at all prone to unnecessary alarm barking.
Perhaps due to their small nature, Corgi seem attracted to high places and can be found on the back of the sofa or in the middle of the kitchen table. Corgi need a firm but gentle hand to train them. If allowed, they can be manipulative and take charge of themselves.
As the name implies, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi developed in Wales in the Pembrokshire area. The Welsh Corgi Cardigan is the larger of the two corgi breeds and was certainly used in the development of the Pembroke. Other possibilities are the introduction of the Pembroke into Wales by Flemish weavers in the 10th century, and the descendants of the Pembroke from the Swedish Valhund brought to Wales by the Vikings.
The word corgi has different meanings. In Celtic it is "dog" or cor means "goblin" and gi means "dog". Whatever the meaning, corgi were initially used as general farm dogs, particularly good with livestock. With his short stature, he bites cattle on his heels and then ducks to avoid kicking. Being small, they are less expensive to maintain and the short or clipped tail meant they were working dogs and exempt from tax.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi we know today broke away from the Corgi cardigan in the early 1930s. Giving this dog to the Queen of England and her subsequent love for the breed has helped make them popular worldwide as family pets. Even many who don't love dogs fall in love with Corgi in Tasha Tudor's exquisite books and paintings.
The Welsh corgi, or Welsh corgi, is a small breed of dog that stands out for its physical appearance, very easy to distinguish both in shape and color. It is a native dog of Great Britain, one of the oldest in this area, which has two very similar lines but defined by some of its own characteristics, such as the Welsh corgi Pembroke and the Welsh corgi Cardigan.
It is one of the oldest breeds of sheepdog that exists, although it took time to appear in dog shows. It was not until 1925 that the breed standard was accepted, although at this time there was still no lineage division.
Both races are believed to be descended from a Visigoth dog that the Vikings introduced to Wales around the 9th century, although there are differences in the accounts of their origin. Its main use was as a herding dog, since it had a great instinct as a herd guide dog. Their small size allowed them to move easily under cattle, be they cows, sheep or even horses, nibbling on their heels to get them to go to a certain place.
Although the use of both breeds was the same in its early days, the Pembroke corgi was further developed in the Welsh county of Pembrokshire, and the Cardigan corgi was developed in Cardiganshire County. It was in 1934 when the breed was separated according to the characteristics of both lineages, at which time the popularity of the Welsh corgi Pembroke increased, leaving the Welsh corgi Cardigan relegated to second place.
Characteristics of the Welsh corgi
The Welsh corgi is a dog that stands out for its strength despite its small size. Its body has unique characteristics in the canine world, being short and long, as well as strong and robust. It bears some resemblance to the dachshunds in terms of body size and shape, but the main characteristic of the corgi is that its face closely resembles a fox, with an expression always alert and intelligent.
Its legs are short, but also strong and capable of exercise. It also highlights its black nose, round eyes and not excessively large, and large erect ears, quite large compared to the size of its head. The tail is one of the characteristics that most distinguishes both lineages of the breed, being very short in the Pembroke and long and hairy in the Cardigan.
Welsh corgi size
Although there is a small difference in size between the two lineages, the average height of a corgi should never exceed 35 centimeters to the withers, nor 17 kilos in the case of the Cardigan, these figures being slightly lower for the Pembroke, about 30 centimeters tall and up to 12 kilos of weight.
Welsh corgi fur
The corgi's coat in any of its versions is rather long and very dense, with an inner layer that protects it from the cold. It supports a wide variety of shades, among which red, black, fawn, or tricolor mix stand out. It does not require excessive maintenance to keep it in good condition, although it will be necessary to pay special attention to the molting season and brush it at least twice a week.
Main differences between the Welsh corgi Pembroke and the Welsh corgi Cardigan
These two sub races are believed to come from distinct lineages and mixtures, hence their physical differences. In both cases, it is a small dog, with an elongated body and a large head in proportion. The Pembroke is slightly smaller than the Cardigan, although both have that characteristic fox look. Also, the Pembroke's tail is shorter than that of the Cardigan and the ears proportionally smaller with the head. It is said that the Cardigan usually presents fewer health problems, although to the effect both are quite healthy animals.
The coat shades accepted in both breeds are the same, although the Pembroke trend is towards white and brown or tricolor, and Cardigan tends to have a greater variety of shades.
As for temperament, it is also quite similar, although Cardigan has a greater tendency to graze due to its origins. Also, the Cardigan is usually more territorial than the Pembroke, although both are quite sociable by nature.
Of the two, the most popular and desired breed is the Pembroke Corgi, as it was the Queen of England's favorite, and it was always common to see it surrounded by specimens of this peculiar breed. This caused puppy sales to skyrocket in England, becoming one of the most viewed breeds in the country today, and also one of the most widespread worldwide.
In any case, the differences between both lineages are minimal, and either option is a great travel companion for animal lovers who want a small dog, perfect for the most current ways of life in cities.
Welsh corgi behavior
The Welsh corgi is a very active dog, which does not tire easily despite its small size. They are very intelligent and tend to stay alert, so they require continuous mental and physical stimulation to stay in good health and not show unwanted behavior. They are great pets, since they always seek the company of their owners and feel very close to them, in addition, they protect their family above all things, although they cannot be counted among the most sociable dog breeds.
His condition as a herding dog causes a bad puppy socialization to lead to a somewhat shy and suspicious adult dog with strangers. In addition, they can be aggressive with other dogs if they do not have contact with other dogs during their life.
They have a tendency to bark excessively because of their shepherd status, and to 'shepherd' people as they did with cattle, biting their ankles. Fortunately, it is possible to channel these behaviors with education and effort, to enjoy a balanced, affectionate and friendly animal. It is recommended that these animals receive canine training as part of their education and mental stimulation, always betting on positive training, to avoid possible adverse reactions due to their strong temperament.
Main diseases of the welsh corgi
Welsh corgi are generally strong dogs, although they have associated hereditary diseases that especially affect the breed. These include hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, urolithiasis, and degenerative myelopathy. They are dogs that tend to obesity easily, so you also have to be careful with the amount of food they eat, in addition to the type.
Other less common diseases, such as epilepsy, or Von Willebrand disease may also appear. In any case, the most recommended is to follow an adequate routine of visits to the vet to tackle any health problem as soon as possible.
Basic care of the welsh corgi
For the welsh corgi, it is much more important to influence education than aesthetic care. As we have already seen, it is a fairly strong animal, requiring little attention in terms of fur, beyond the usual brushing.
To guarantee a good general state of health in the corgi, it is essential to follow the schedule of vaccines and deworming, both internal and external, in addition to taking it to the vet whenever it shows any strange or unusual symptoms or behavior.
The fur of the corgi is kept in good condition naturally, so it will be enough to brush it a few times a week to avoid tangling. It is also recommended to increase the frequency of brushing in times of molting, to facilitate the fall of dead hair and so that the animal's skin breathes better.
These dogs do not need to be bathed too often. Under normal conditions, a bath every 6 to 8 weeks will be enough to avoid odors and keep your hair shiny and clean. More frequent baths could weaken your hair, and you should always wash your coat with a specific dog shampoo, because any other will be harmful to it.
You must pay special attention to the feeding of your corgi, and it has a tendency to put on weight. Always opt for a high quality food that provides the necessary nutrients, and avoid giving too many prizes that do not do well to your health.
The corgi is an animal that needs constant challenges to stay healthy physically and mentally. In addition to taking long walks, you can do other activities and games with it that he will surely appreciate. As a very interesting idea, you can take it to practice grazing, a specialty that exists as a canine sport and in which your corgi will stand out from the first moment. They can also be good at obedience contests, although they are not recommended to participate in Agility tests due to jumps that can damage their back.
Corgis are very intelligent dogs, and they have a great capacity to learn, although they are also stubborn and very temperamental, so it is necessary to carry out proper training and socialization from puppies. Professional dog training is highly recommended for this breed, especially when performed positively, with almost immediate responses that will also serve to offer them new mental challenges.
The most important thing to have a good relationship with a corgi is to understand its character and nature, in addition to investing all the necessary time in it, both at the level of education and exercise and play time.
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