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Samoyed - History, Appearance, Eyes, Truffle, Ears, Tail, Hair, Temperament, Health, Care, Physical Characteristics

The Samoyed breed of dog has taken its name from the Samoyed peoples of northern Russia. These nomadic villages of reindeer herders raised this breed to help with grazing, to pull sleds, and to keep their owners warm at night sleeping next to them. An alternative name for the breed, especially in Europe, is Bjelkier.

The Samoyed takes its name from a town in Russia that after the Russian revolution changed its name to "Nenets". Different Arctic explorers (eg Fridtjof Nansen and Roald Amundsen) brought different specimens to Europe and kept the name "Samoyed" to establish hatcheries in both Europe and the United States.

Fridtjof Nansen believed that the use of drag dogs was the only effective way to explore the north and he used Samoyed in his polar expeditions. Unfortunately, his plan was disastrous for the animals, planning to feed the stronger dogs with the weaker dogs as they died during the expedition. In the end, he lost almost all the dogs.

Roald Amundsen used a group of dogs led by a Samoyed named Etah on the first expedition that reached the South Pole.

Recent DNA analysis of this breed led him to be included among the fourteen oldest dog breeds, along with the Siberian husky, Alaskan malamute, Chow, and ten other breeds. Samoyed has been bred and trained for the past 3000 years.

Males tend to be larger in size than usually weigh between 20-32.5 kg, while females usually weigh between 17-25 kg.

They are generally black or brown and almond-colored.

The nose or truffle should be well developed and preferably black. At some times of the year it can clear up giving rise to the commonly called "winter nose". Some other factors such as age or climate can clarify it, but it is important that the edges are always kept black; otherwise it would mean a mandatory veterinary visit.

The ears should be thick and completely covered with hair, triangular in shape and erect. In most cases they are white, but occasionally they can be very light brown (known as "cookie" color).

The tail of the Samoyed is one of the most distinctive features of this breed. Like the Alaskan malamute, the tail hangs hook-shaped on its back; however, and unlike the Malamute, the tail of the Samoyed touches the back and goes over one side and should not be a very closed or "flag" shaped hook. In cold climates, some Samoyeds sleep with their tails over their noses to provide additional protection. Most Samoyeds allow their tails to drop when they are relaxed, but eventually return them to their original position when alert.

Samoyedos have a dense double coat of fur. The top layer has dense, thick, straight hair that looks white to the eye but has some silver tints. This top layer keeps the bottom layer relatively clean and free of debris. The bottom layer consists of soft, dense, short hair that keeps the dog warm. The bottom layer is changed once to twice a year, a process known as hair shedding. This in no way means that they shed hair only on these occasions, since throughout the year fine hair is shed and replaced, which usually sticks to clothing or simply floats in the air. The standard Samoyed can have a mix of white and biscuit colors, although completely white or completely biscuit-colored dogs are not uncommon. Males generally have a longer coat than females.

Samoyedos are usually good at cleaning themselves to keep the bathroom as little as possible. The grime usually falls easily from the outer layers of fur, making the dog very clean. Puppies' hair is more porous, making it easier to stain with grass and mud if they are outdoors a long time. The brushing aspect is more difficult, since due to its thick fur some areas such as the back of the ears tend to get tangled if it is not brushed (ideally) weekly. Samoyedos will occasionally require that the hair that grows between their leg bearings be trimmed, but with this exception the rest can naturally stay that way. Except for medical reasons or that the hair is extremely tangled, it is not recommended that the Samoyed be shaved, since its hair acts as an insulator from both cold and moderate heat, in addition to protecting the clear skin of the Samoyed from burns by sunlight.

An important characteristic of this breed is that they do not have the characteristic dog smell, making them good dogs for living indoors. Lack of dandruff also makes them hypoallergenic. The thick layer of hairs can make them feel uncomfortable in summer in places where the weather is warm, where they prefer indoors as the air is colder. Her hair also acts as a natural repellent against lice and ticks. The hair can reach about 15 cm.


An active Samoyed
The Samoyed's willingness to play makes him an inadvisable dog as a guardian. However, with its tendency to bark it can be a good watchful dog, since it will bark when something or someone approaches its territory. Properly socialized it is a good companion dog for young children and even other dogs, maintaining a jovial character until old age. They are known to be somewhat foolish at times and difficult to train, so they must be trained with patience and perseverance if they are to obey the orders given to them. Due to his heritage as a sleigh shooter, he has no problem throwing objects or people, so an untrained Samoyed will pull his owner on a leash when he is taken out for a walk, instead of walking alongside him . They instinctively act like herding dogs, so when they play, especially with children, they will tend to try to steer them in a different direction. This breed is characterized by its alert expression.

They have a lot of vitality, so they take care of their youth and that jovial spirit until their old age. Their average life span is 12 to 13 years, 8 although some may live a little longer. Being a working breed, they have excellent endurance and without daily exercise, they will become bored and / or depressed, which can lead to excessive barking, destroying, or behavior worthy of an escape master. Although they are healthy dogs, they tend to certain diseases.

Hereditary glomerulopathy
They may be affected by a genetic disease known as "Samoyed hereditary glomerulopathy", a kidney disease. The disease is known to be caused by a faulty recessive allele linked to the X chromosome, making the disease more severe in males. Carrier females develop mild symptoms after 2 to 3 months of age, but do not develop kidney failure. The disease is caused by a defect in type IV collagen fibrils of the glomerular basement membrane (MBG). As a consequence, the collagen fibrils of the glomerular basement membrane are unable to form crosslinks, so the integrity of the structure is weakened and the membrane is more susceptible to wear and tear damage. As the basement membrane structure begins to degenerate, plasma proteins are lost in the urine and symptoms begin to appear. Carrier males appear healthy for the first three months of their lives, but symptoms begin to appear and worsen the disease process: the dog becomes sluggish and the muscles waste, as a result of proteinuria. From three months on, the glomerular filtration rate can be detected, indicating progressive kidney failure. Death from kidney failure usually occurs at 15 months of age.

As there is currently no test available to detect Samoyed hereditary Glomeropathy, females known to be carriers of the disease should not be used for breeding. If a female carrier and a healthy male are crossed, puppies have a 50% chance of being carriers of the disease.

Other health problems
Hip dysplasia is also a problem that can occur as well as cataracts and glaucoma, in addition to other retinal problems. They are prone to diabetes, which can appear when the owners are not careful.

When you shed your hair, most of the outer layer falls off and is replaced, the old one can fall out in large bunches, leaving gaps in extreme cases. The hair can be brushed with a metal comb, so we can speed up the shedding process and help the Samoyed to regain its appearance more quickly. Brushing it frequently will help keep it from getting tangled. Giving the Samoyed a bath is a long process, as the hair is almost "waterproof", so it will take time for it to be completely wet and then completely wet. The Samoyed's hair should be dried with forced cold air (using a hair dryer), as water can get trapped in the undercoat of thick hair making it difficult to evaporate. Drying the Samoyed also reduces hair tangling due to wetting of the undercoat. It is important to rinse well, as the remaining shampoo or soap can lead to a fungal infection, difficult to eliminate without having to shave the affected area. To keep the Samoyed's hair radiant, brushing and a healthy diet cannot be underestimated.

Samoyed dog breed, a lovely furry
Where do we start?

If you are interested in the breed of Samoyed dog, this is the first thing you need to know:

Height: 53 - 57 cm.
Weight: 20 - 30 kg.
Life expectancy: 14 years.
Ideal lifestyle: houses, sports, hiking, children ...

history of the samoyed dog breed
The origin of the Samoyed dog is located in the area between Siberia and northern Europe. It was at the time of the Russian tsars by the Samoyed tribes, who give the breed its name. They managed to raise and develop a dog not only capable of pulling sleds, but multifaceted and that helped them in all kinds of daily tasks.

The Samoyed breed of dog inherited a great robustness from its ancestor, the northern wolf. This made the Samoyed a perfect dog for hunting, shooting, guard and protection and even a sheepdog. On the other hand, they found in the Samoyed breed a dog of excellent character, a perfect companion animal.

As the areas in which the Samoyed dog breed developed are so remote, this is considered one of the oldest purebreds known to humans. It is believed that, once settled, the Samoyed dogs never crossed wolves again, retaining their purity.

How did the Samoyed breed of dog get to the rest of the world?
How the Samoyed Dog Breed Came to the Rest of the World

Ernest Kilburn-Scott is believed to have been the first interested in importing Samoyed dogs into England, and it was he who set the standards for this breed for the first time. The first Samoyed dog he acquired was called Sabarka, "the fat one." He got it in Russia, as a gift for his wife. Shortly thereafter, the family acquired a female and began crossbreeding of Samoyed dogs in England, gradually increasing their popularity among dog lovers, to the point of being highly appreciated at dog shows.

Already in the 20th century, the recognition of this dog, a breed with a Samoyed name, was finally made official. A few years later, the Samoyed Fan Club was created. But it did not stop there! In 1902, Mercy d’Argenteau, Belgian princess and countess, traveled to St. Petersburg and attended a dog show where, guess what? fell in love with a specimen of the Samoyed dog breed; the Russian monarchy decided to give it to him. The countess ended up so in love with the Samoyed that she ended up having up to four of them. And best of all ... is that he emigrated to the United States and took them with him! She managed to enroll them in canine beauty pageants and that thanks to her dogs the Samoyed breed was registered in the American Kennel Club.

And we already know that everything that becomes popular in the United States expands everywhere! Today, the Samoyed breed of dog is known and appreciated by many in all parts of the world.

Physical characteristics of the Samoyed breed dog
What physically characterizes the Samoyed breed dog

The Samoyed breed dog is an arctic spitz type dog, of medium size in its adult stage. It has a strong, resistant and robust appearance, but without neglecting elegance.

The Samoyed has a very well-proportioned head with a wedge-shaped body and a slightly convex skull. Its muzzle is not very wide, but it has a fairly developed truffle and is usually black. The eyes are dark, almond shaped and somewhat oblique. The ears of the Samoyed breed dogs are upright and small in proportion to their body.

The body is, as we said, medium in size but very powerful. Both the back and the legs of the Samoyed are very strong. It is entirely covered with dense, soft and long hair, typical of polar dogs. There are several colors accepted in Samoyed breed dogs; the most popular and appreciated is pure white, but they can also be cream or white and light brown. It should never give the impression of being very dark; Although there is a variety of shades, the lightest should be the main one in the dog. The Samoyed dog's body ends with a large, well-covered tail.

The Samoyed breed dog and his character
The Samoyed is a breed of dog known for having an extremely affable character and attached to its human family; loves pampering and games and gets along well with children. On the other hand, it is a very self-confident and very intelligent dog. If given all the exercise he needs, the Samoyed will be able to adapt to life in an apartment, despite its size.

If you want a watchdog, the Samoyed breed is perfect as these dogs are barkers when they are active or on alert. However, this can be a disadvantage if you only want one pet. Anyway, never forget that every dog ​​must be educated; The tendency to bark of Samoyed dogs can be neutralized with a good education.

Puppies of the Samoyed breed

Talk about dog training! Puppies of the Samoyed breed can be very mischievous, biting everything they find in their way ... They will need you to teach them not to bite what they should not so that they do not destroy your furniture. As we said, it is an intelligent dog, so do not worry !, learn easily, respond very well to positive training.

Caring for a Samoyed breed dog
Like any other dog, in order for our Samoyed to live long and have the best quality of life possible, we must start by giving them a good quality diet and in appropriate doses. We recommend that you consult a veterinary professional to recommend the most appropriate rationing for your furry friend.

Regarding education, it is also important to start as soon as possible. From the moment a dog enters a home, we must begin its training, so that we can mold the character of the Samoyed to our needs so that its behavior is appropriate in the future.

The Samoyed breed dog is very active, so it needs a good amount of physical exercise every day. Various active walks, combined with canine games and / or sports can complete the physical development of our friend.

To finish the care of the Samoyed breed dogs, we have to comment on the need to brush their hair frequently. Three to four times a week is the most appropriate; In the molting season, it is best to do it daily to prevent dead hairs from being scattered around the house. In this way we will make the Samoyed dog's hair look healthy, beautiful and strong. Dog bathing should not be very frequent, as it damages its natural layer of skin protection. Ideally, bathe them every 4-6 weeks or when they are really dirty.

Samoyed breed dog health problems
Samoyed breed dogs often have health problems

Well-groomed Samoyed breed dogs tend to be very long-lived, being able to live up to approximately 15 years. But like all dog breeds, they can develop some health problems.

As is common among large dogs, Samoyed dogs can suffer from hip dysplasia. This can happen due to too exhaustive or inadequate exercise. Progressive retinal atrophy is also common.

To a lesser extent, muscular problems, dwarfism, albinism, deafness or pulmonary stenosis can also be observed in Samoyed dogs. On the other hand, they can also inherit allergies and a propensity for rashes and skin irritations from their parents.

Samoyed photo :


Article about Samoyed

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