It is an ancient working breed of nomadic herders from the Himalayas and a traditional guardian of Tibetan monasteries. It has been surrounded by great mysticism since it was discovered in ancient times. From his mention by Aristotle (384-322 BC) to the famous writings of Marco Polo, who went to Asia in 1271, all historical reports praise the natural strength and greatness of the Tibet Bulldog, both physically and mentally. Even his bark has been described as unique and a highly treasured feature of the breed. The record of the highest sale for a dog of this breed is 1.6 million Euros, a dog named Hong Dong bought by a coal magnate in China.
Prominent European canophiles from the past such as Martin and Youatt, Megnin, Beckmann, Siber, as well as Strebel, Bylandt, have intensively investigated the Tibetan Mastiff for being fascinated with its origin and function in Tibetan culture. It is considered to be the breed from which all large mountain breeds and all mastiffs derived.
One of the first bulldogs in Tibet to reach the western shores was a male specimen sent to Queen Victoria by Lord Hardinge (then Viceroy of India) in 1847. Subsequently, in 1880 Edward VII (then Prince of Wales), took two dogs back to England. One of the first records of a Tibetan bulldog litter was in 1898, born at the Berlin Zoo.
According to testimonies dating back to 2000 years before Christ, the Tibetan mastiff was used by the Assyrians as a war dog and for the custody of prisoners.
It still appears with the same appearance in the Babylonian, Egyptian and Greek bas-reliefs, thus demonstrating the great diffusion it had in such remote times. With the Roman conquests and the invasions of the Asian peoples, it spread rapidly through the Mediterranean basin, giving rise to all the races of European molosses, many of herdsmen and others of rescue such as Saint Bernard, Newfoundland and the dog of Pyrenees mountain.
It is one of the oldest races of origin and is still used today in the Himalayan chain for the custody of herds and as guardian of monasteries. In carrying out this function, he is safe and incorruptible, fierce and dangerous with strangers, like almost all the races that we can define as "ancient" and whose character has been forged over the centuries. It has spread little outside Asia, including among canophiles, as it is rare to see specimens of this breed participate in international dog shows.
Date of publication of the valid original standard: 03.09.2013
Use: It is a companion, guard and protection dog; slow to mature, females reach maturity between two and three years and males at least four years.
Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molosoides-Mountain type dogs and Swiss Cattle and other breeds.
Section 2.2 Molosoides, mountain type.
No proof of work.
General appearance: it is a powerful, heavy dog with good bone structure. Impressive, solemn but kind looking.
Important proportions: The distances from the occipital to the nasal-frontal depression and from the latter to the tip of the nose are the same, although the nasal cavity may be slightly shorter. The body is slightly longer than the height at the withers.
Temperament / behavior: reserved and protective.
Head: quite broad, heavy and strong. As an adult you may have some wrinkles on your head, which extend from above the eyes down to the corners of the lips.
Skull: massive, with a very marked occipital protuberance.
Naso-frontal depression (Stop): very well defined.
Nose: wide, well pigmented, with wide open nostrils.
Muzzle: quite wide, well filled and square, seen from all angles.
Lips: well developed, forming moderate edges.
Jaws and teeth: strong jaws with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, that is, the internal face of the upper incisors is in close contact with the external face of the lower incisors; teeth should be placed at right angles to the jaws. Clamp bite accepted. It is essential that the denture fit snugly so that the muzzle retains its square shape.
Eyes: very expressive, medium in size and colored in any shade of brown. Oval, placed well apart from each other and slightly oblique.
Ears: medium size, triangular, hanging, carried low, drooping forward and hanging by the head. When the dog is alert, it lifts them up. The outer part of the pinna of the ears is covered in soft, short hair.
Neck: strong, well muscled, arched. You shouldn't have a lot of double chin. Covered by a mane of thick, shaggy hair.
Body: His body is vigorous.
Back: straight, muscular.
Croup: almost imperceptible.
Chest: fairly deep and of moderate width. The ribs are arched enough to give the rib cage a heart shape. The chest descends below the elbows.
Tail: medium to long, but should not extend below the tibi-tarsal joint. High insertion at the height of the top line. Rolled over the back to the side. It is well covered with fringes.
Forelimbs: straight, well covered with dense hair throughout.
Shoulders: well inclined, muscular and with strong bones.
Metacarpus: strong, slightly sloping.
Hindquarters: powerful, muscular. Viewed from behind, the hind limbs are parallel.
Knee: well angulated femoro-tibio-patellar angulation.
Hock: strong, well let down. Amputation of the spurs (single or double is optional).
Feet: quite large, strong and compact. They are shaped like cat's feet with a lot of hair between the toes.
Movement: firm, free, always light and elastic. In fast walks it tends to bring the limbs closer in a median line. When he walks, he seems slow and careful.
Coat: Males have noticeably more hair than females. Hair quality is of more importance than quantity. Mainly the hair should be quite long and dense. In cold weather it should have a thick inner layer of hair that becomes somewhat thin in the hot months. The hair is fine but hard, straight and hairy.
Never silky, curly or wavy. The hair of the inner layer, when it has it, is quite woolly. The neck and shoulders are covered with hair giving the appearance of a mane. The tail is covered with thick, dense hair. The back upper part of the hind limbs has quite long fringe hair.
Color: deep black, black and tan, brown, various shades of gold, gray and blue; gray and blue and fire. The fire color varies from a very intense hue to lighter colors. A white star is allowed on the chest. Minimal white spots are acceptable on the feet. Fire spots appear on the eyes, on the lower extremities, on the underside of the tail, around the muzzle and in the form of glasses around the eyes.
Size: height at the withers.
Males: minimum 66 cm.
Females: minimum 61 cm.
Faults: any deviation from the aforementioned criteria is considered as a fault and its severity is considered to the degree of deviation from the standard.
N.B .: Males should have two normal-looking testes fully descended into the scrotum.
The Tibetan Mastiff - Character, behavior and care
The Tibetan Mastiff, also called the Tibet Bulldog, is one of the largest and oldest breeds that exist. You will recognize him for his muscular and imposing body, but above all for the large lion's mane that accumulates around his neck.
Despite its Asian origin, today you can find it worldwide. It stands out for being a good guard and companion dog, although it requires very specific care. Do you want to know everything about this impressive breed? We show you!
Tibetan Mastiff History
The Tibetan Mastiff is known by two other names: Dogue of Tibet and Do-Khyi. It has been impossible to determine its origin, since it has existed in Tibet for millennia, but the isolation of this territory prevented it from spreading to other areas.
There are records of its existence in texts by Aristotle and in the writings left by Marco Polo after his travels. Already at that time, the Tibetan Mastiff was distinguished by its imposing size.
In the surroundings of the Himalayas and the temples of Tibet, it was used as a guard dog. It is possible that this breed will derive the other mastiff varieties that are known today.
Despite the texts that record its existence before Christ, the race took centuries to leave Asia. Only in 1847 was it brought to England, and a few years later two specimens were part of the exhibition at the Berlin Zoo.
Tibetan Mastiff physical characteristics
It is a breed of giant size and very corpulent, the body construction is molosoide and muscular.
According to the standard indicated in the International Cynological Federation (FCI), the Tibetan Mastiff has a strong head, it is common to observe a wrinkle on the face of adult dogs.
The muzzle is wide and deep, topped by a dark truffle with dilated nostrils. The jaw is rectangular and has a scissor or clamp bite, that is, the upper and lower dental row fit perfectly.
The eyes of the Tibetan Mastiff are oval and the iris appears in different shades of brown. The tail is woolly and curved, it rests on the back. In addition, the ears are triangular and fall on the face.
Thanks to its abundant fur, it is compared to a lion or a large bear. The coat is double, the outer layer is medium length with a rough and dense texture, while the inner layer is woolly. The hair is hard and accumulates in greater quantity and length around the neck, giving it an imposing mane. Do you want to know how to differentiate an authentic specimen of Mastiff from Tibet? Just look at the standard:
Regarding the color of the coat, it appears in different shades: black with reddish areas, bluish with golden areas or saber, similar to the German Shepherd. There is also the Black Tibetan Mastiff, with a few reddish spots around the eyes, muzzle, and tail.
icon-dog Height of 66 cm in males and 61 cm in females
icon-weight Weight between 40 and 68 kg in males and between 31 and 54 kg in females
Abundant, coarse, black and fiery red or tawny hair
Intelligent, reserved and protective character
Icon-health Regular health, with a tendency to suffer from some congenital diseases
Icon-calendar Estimated life expectancy between 10 and 12 years
Tibetan Mastiff Character and Personality
The Tibetan Mastiff has a strong but bearable temperament. It stands out for its intelligence and for being a loyal dog to its family, since it is territorial and protective.
This same territoriality should be prosecuted as a puppy with a good socialization, because its character could get out of control. Considering its size, this is not recommended.
It is a brave and independent dog, capable of making decisions on its own. Although sweet and devoted to the family, he is cautious with strangers as he serves as a watchdog.
Necessary care for a Tibetan Mastiff
The Tibetan Mastiff is not a dog for all families. First, it requires a spacious place to live, it is not recommended for small floors. Houses with large patios or large country houses are the ideal settings for him.
The abundant coat demands that it live in cool and even cold climates. Although it is adapted to develop anywhere in the world, it is more pleasant for low temperatures, it is not a suitable dog for warm places such as central or southern Spain.
Despite its large size, it requires moderate physical activity. Daily walks are recommended, without forcing distances or forcing him to run. Long-winded activities, like playing ball for hours or chasing records, are not your thing. However, he tends to be more open to games during cold weather.
It is not recommended that you take him for a walk without a leash, since his tendency to make his own decisions and his territoriality could lead him to fight with other dogs. Also, a loose dog of this size can scare your neighbors.
As for training, start at a young age with the main commands, you will learn them very quickly. It requires that you arm yourself with patience and decision, as the Tibetan Mastiff usually decides on his own if the given order does not convince him.
For this reason, it is not recommended for people with no experience in dog training. He rarely responds to training based on treats or edible treats.
Coat care and proper nutrition
The double coat of this breed requires a lot of care. Brushing 2-3 times a week is recommended to remove dead hair and avoid knots. Also, remember to be aware of the presence of fleas or ticks, as they hide easily in dense fur.
The frequency of bathing will depend on physical activity, but it can be done once or twice a month, as in most breeds.
The diet, whether based on dry food or homemade food, must be of quality. Based on weight, 2 to 4 cups of food daily are suggested. Also, remember to keep a container of clean water available at all times.
Given its large size, the use of chondroprotectors is essential to keep your joints healthy.
Many commercial feeds already have chondroprotectors included, but in small quantities, so it is advisable to give them apart as an extra.
Tibetan Mastiff Puppies
Tibetan Mastiff puppies have a considerable size from a young age. As we already mentioned, they require training and socialization from young people, in addition to physical activity to burn the energy of age.
They grow rapidly, so it is advisable to add joint supplements, such as shark cartilage, to your diet.
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