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Caucasian Shepherd Dog Aka Russian Bear Dog

Caucasian shepherd dog aka russian bear dog - shepherd dogs Caucasus are of above average size and large; its constitution is robust even coarse. By nature, they attack strangers and suspicious of them. These features must be added the endurance, lack of demands and the ease of adaptation to varied thermal and climatic conditions, allowing use in almost all regions of Russia.
The principal regions of penetration of the Sheepdogs Caucasus are the republics of Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaïdjan, autonomous republics Karbardino-Balkarie, the Daghestan and Kalmoukie, and regions of the steppes of the North Caucasus and around Astrakhan.









In regions of the Transcaucasus the dogs are more solid type, whereas in the steppes regions they are lighter, higher, and often have shorter hair.

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is one of the most ferocious dog breeds. When they are trained properly, they can reach very guardians.

The Russian Caucasian Caucasian Shepherd Dog is a hybrid of traditional types some lines Dog Central Asia. During the communist regime, the Russian Caucasian race dog guarding prisoners of the Soviet Gulag camps and performed the role of a dog border patrol along the Berlin Wall. During 1989, when the Berlin Wall was torn down, caucasian shepherd dog aka russian bear dog, the band of 7,000 troops patrol dogs Caucasian dissolved. Many of these dogs were rehabilitated in new homes with new families in Germany. Careful breeding in Germany ensured the future of these imperious independent dogs.
Caucasian Shepherd. A ferocious dog race proper and easy guard training in protection work.

Some research results suggest that the Caucasian or Caucasian Shepherd Dog is one of the oldest mastiff-type breed from the Caucasus Mountains between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, caucasian shepherd dog aka russian bear dog. It was during centuries deployed to protect livestock, they kill wolves, hunt bears and protects humans against intruders.

Similar to this extraordinary variety dogs have protected the sheep from humans and animal predators for at least 600 years. The Caucasian Shepherd is very popular in Russia and other parts of the former Soviet Union and are usually displayed at dog shows. In Hungary, caucasian shepherd dog aka russian bear dog, Poland and the Czech Republic and Slovakia, extensive breeding programs continue to take place ensuring that it remains an immortal race of guard dogs - despite its original role as guardian of sheep is losing relevance.


Temperament

Powerful and solid, the Caucasian Shepherd can be a difficult race for breeding inexperienced owner, since only respects and obeys those family members to show their dominance over the animal. They are generally good with children, but not considered as their owners. The dog develops a strong bond with its owner, but very rarely be completely submissive and blindly follow orders because a dog of this breed mainly trust your instincts, caucasian shepherd dog aka russian bear dog, to the point of disobeying the orders of its owner in certain situations. A race with a very short reaction time and quick reflexes protection, has been unfairly described by some as "a stray bullet." With proper care and training, the dog is an obedient and behaved pet.

Always talk to the owner before petting one of these dogs, as they are not "big teddy bears" ready to be cuddled, caucasian shepherd dog aka russian bear dog. A Caucasian Shepherd with good temperament just take a step back and lower your head; this is a good sign, because these dogs do not have the same temperament a Golden Retreiver to others.

In his native land, Ovcharka - alias Caucasian Shepherd - is usually hidden within the flock of sheep. A pack of wolves (3 or 4) will attack the sheep without realizing the presence of the dog that will attack by surprise and may face two wolves at a time. Their fur is thick and is arranged in several layers, which prevents bites hurt the wolves, caucasian shepherd dog aka russian bear dog. They are faithful to their work of protecting the herd animals and his family, which defend against any threat at all times. Unfortunately, the Caucasian shepherds are represented negatively as dangerous dogs and violent, when only react in such a way to a perceived threat to his family and home.

CONSTITUTION:
Robusta up rough; solid bones and strong muscles. The skin is thick but elastic.

INDEX OF BONES
(Withers: Perimeter carpi) in males is 21-22; in females it is 20 to 22.

INDEX DIMENSIONS
(Length of body: Height at withers): 102-108.

SEXUAL TYPE:
It is well marked. The males are stronger and more massive. Females are a little smaller and a little lighter constitution.

HEAD

Cranial region:
It is solid, with a wide cranial cavity and highly developed zygomatic arches. The forehead is broad, flat, divided into two halves by a slight furrow.
naso-frontal depression (Stop): It is not clearly marked.

FACIAL REGION:
Nose: strong, broad and black. In white and pale straw dogs it accepted that the truffle is brown.
Muzzle: shorter than the length of the skull, it is not very sharp.
Lips: Strong, although closing tightly, caucasian shepherd dog aka russian bear dog.
Teeth: white, strong, well developed and well put together with no spaces. The incisors are aligned at the base. Articulation is scissor.
Eye Shadow Warrior, small, oval; They are sunken.
Ears: Set high, they are hanging and are cut short.
NECK:

It is strong and short. It appears quite low, so that it forms an angle of 30 to 40 degrees relative to the back line.

BODY:
Withers: Broad and muscular. It stands high above the topline.
Back: Broad, straight and muscular.
Loin: Short, wide, slightly curved.
Croup: Broad, muscled, set almost horizontal.
Chest: width, height, somewhat rounded. The bottom line of the back is the same level of the elbows or slightly below.
Belly: Moderately collected.
TAIL: Set high, falling to reach the hock. In shape of sickle, hook or ring. the trimmed tails are accepted.

Forequarters:
Seen from the front, they are straight and parallel. The angle of the scapular-humeral articulation is about 100 °.

Forearm: Straight, strong, long without excess.
Pastern: Short, strong, placed on the vertical, or very slight inclination.
The length of the forelimbs, ground to the elbows, is somewhat greater than half the height at the withers, caucasian shepherd dog aka russian bear dog. The index of the height of the forelimbs (along the tip of the elbow to the ground: height at withers) is 50-54.

HINDQUARTERS:
Views from behind, straight and parallel. Profile Views are somewhat open at the level of the knee joint.
Leg: Short.
Hock: Strong, broad, angle is somewhat open.
Hocks: Thick; located vertically (hindlimb must not rest backwards). The vertical line of the ischial tuberosity must pass through the center of the hock and metatarsal.
anterior and posterior feet are large, compact and close together. Oval shaped.

HAIR:
It is smooth, rough, with an undercoat of a lighter color. On the head and front of limbs, the hair is shorter and appears close to body, caucasian shepherd dog aka russian bear dog. There are three varieties of dogs as hair.

a) Long hair: Hair longer coverage. Long hair on the neck forms a mane, and on the backs of the limbs form bangs and pants. The dense fur, which completely covers the tail, makes it thick and bushy look.

b) Short-haired: Covered with dense fur, relatively short; without mane, bangs, pants, nor tuft on the tail.

c) intermediate type: Long hair, but without mane, bangs, pants or plume.

COLOR:
Hairs with areas of gray, with varied shades, usually light and pulling the reddish straw color to white, to red-brown and brindle. As well as colored fur peep and dotted with spots.

MOVEMENT:
Loose and uniform. The characteristic movement is a short trot, which transforms usually, if acceleration in a slightly heavy gallop. When they are moving, limbs should move in a straight line with a slight approach forelimbs toward the midline, caucasian shepherd dog aka russian bear dog.
The joints of the front and hind legs move easily. Back and spine work flexibly. The cross and the croup should be at the same level during the trot.

HEIGHT TO THE CROSS:
In males measures at least 65 cm, and in females at least 62 cm.

FAULTS:
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness of it is considered the degree of deviation from the standard and its consequences on the health and welfare of the dog.
  weak or fragile constitution.
  A slight deviation of the dimensions, relative to that already indicated.
  Lack of activity and lack of distrust towards strangers.
  A slight deviation in relation to sexual type. Females have a masculine type.
  Head that is not wide enough and solid.
  Forehead too bulging; transition between the front and abrupt or marked snout.
  Muzzle short or elongated.
  Loose and hanging lips.
  Abnormally worn teeth in relation to the age of the animal. Broken teeth which do not affect the joint. Absence of two or more of the first premolars, caucasian shepherd dog aka russian bear dog, or absence of one of the first and one of the second premolars. A slight yellowing of the teeth.
  Light eyes; lower eyelids drooping slightly. Presence of stain on the cornea.
  Low-set ears that are not trimmed.
  Cruz underdeveloped and does not protrude sufficiently above the topline.
  flabby back, convex or narrow.
  elongated, straight or too convex back.
  Grupa little muscular or something sunk.
  Something chest level. lower chest does not reach to the elbow (insufficient depth).
  Belly too raised or sunken.
  forelimbs: small deviation from the angles of the scapular-humeral joint. Forearm little short or elongated. Slight deviation of elbows. Slight deviation of the limbs inward or outward. Pastern too oblique.
  Hindquarters: seen from behind, small deviation from the parallelism (slight approach or separation of the hocks). Tips slightly apart or together.
 hindlimb too straight or something raised.
 loose or elongated foot. Dewclaws.
 Deviations from the normal movement (the dog inclined limbs inward or outward). The joints do not move easily enough. Lack of flexibility in the movement of the back or spine. Grupa rising too much during the trot. Mild croup rolling (rolling back room).

FAULTS

 Constitution of a weakness or fragility marked.
 notable deviations from the specified dimensions.
 Fearful dog; indolence strongly marked; lack of aggressiveness.
 notable deviations in relation to sexual type, caucasian shepherd dog aka russian bear dog. Males that have the type of females.
 light, narrow, with a pointed snout out of proportion with the general type of construction head.
  Muzzle collection.
  small, separate and insufficiently developed teeth. Incisors implanted irregularly. With very worn teeth enamel.
  heterocromos eyes.
  Back sunken or very arched.
  narrow, short or falling croup.
  flat, narrow and underdeveloped chest.
  Forequarters: Straight shoulders or angle of shoulder too closed. crooked or thin forearms. marked deviation of elbows. Pasterns weak. marked extremities inward or outward deviation, caucasian shepherd dog aka russian bear dog.
  Hindquarters: very marked deviations in relation to parallelism, straight limbs, arched or very lifted.
  or flat feet wide apart.
 Coat: soft, wavy, without undercoat hair.
 Color: black, black with red spots; chestnut in varied combinations.
 heavy movements or executed with difficulty. Rump raised during the trotting very, relative to the cross. Rump marked vertical movement. Amble.
 Height at less than 65 cm in males cross, and less than 62 cm in females.

ELIMINATING FAULTS

 aggressive or fearful dog.
 Any deviation from the correct scissor articulation.
 Coat of black and brown.
 Absence of one of incisors or canines one; absence of a third or fourth premolar or molar.

Any dog ​​clearly showing physical or behavioral abnormalities shall be disqualified.

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